1. VOA英语学习网
  2. 设首页|英语四级|英语六级|英语日记|英文自我介绍|英语话剧剧本
  3. 打包下载 | VOA打包 | BBC打包 | 日语 韩语
  4. 手机版
  1. 英语学习网站推荐
  2. 剑桥英语考试认证
  3. 外教口语面对面课程
《母亲》是俄国伟大的无产阶级作家高尔基最优秀的作品之一。这部小说深刻地反映了20世纪初俄国无产阶级政党领导下波澜壮阔的群众革命斗争,第一次塑造了具有社会主义觉悟的无产阶级英雄的形象。 小说描写了老钳工伊尔·弗拉索夫的一生以及他的儿子的变化,通过这一家的遭遇表现了工人阶级如何从自发走向自觉的过程。母亲的形象在这部小说里非常重要,母亲的觉醒过程,充分表现了广大群众在党的教育下必然走向革命道路的历史趋势。小说的重要人物是巴维尔的母亲尼洛夫娜。她像千百万受压迫的妇女一样,被繁重的劳动和丈夫的殴打折磨成逆来顺受、忍气吞声的人。 丈夫死后,当儿子走上革命的道路时,母亲也在儿子以及他的同志们的启发、帮助下,逐渐接受革命的真理。在“沼地戈比”事件以后,母亲为了搭救儿子出狱,接受了散发传单的任务。“五一”游行时,巴维尔高举红旗走在队伍的最前列,在武装警察面前英勇不屈。这使母亲进一步懂得了真理的力量,也使她更自觉地参加革命工作。巴维尔再次被捕后,她搬到城里,和革命者住在一起,坚决担负起革命工作,完全献身给共产党。 她常装扮成修女、小市民或女商贩,带着传单奔走于市镇和乡村。巴维尔在法庭上的演说及斗争更进一步提高了母亲的觉悟。小说结尾时,母亲冒着生命危险去传送印有儿子在法庭上的演说的传单,不幸在车站被暗探围住。这时,母亲勇敢地把传单散发给车站上的群众。在被捕时,她庄严地宣称:“真理是用血的海洋也扑不灭的。”
Part I Chapter I2015-05-18
Every day the factory whistle bellowed forth its shrill, roaring, trembling noises into the smoke-begrimed and greasy atmosphere of the workingmens suburb; and obedient to the summons of the power of steam, people poured out of little gray houses into the street. With somber faces they hasten
Chapter II2015-05-17
Nikolay Ivanovich lived on a quiet, deserted street, in a little green wing annexed to a black two-storied structure swollen with age. In front of the wing was a thickly grown little garden, and branches of lilac bushes, acacias, and silvery young poplars looked benignly and freshly into the windows
Chapter III2015-05-17
Three days passed in incessant conversations with Sofya and Nikolay. The mother continued to recount tales of the past, which stubbornly arose from the depths of her awakened soul, and disturbed even herself. Her past demanded an explanation. The attention with which the brother and sister listened
Chapter IV2015-05-16
The three men walked away, leaving Sofya in the cabin. Then from a distance came the sound of the ax blows, the echo straying through the foliage. In a half-dreamy condition of repose, intoxicated with the spicy odor of the forest, Sofya sat just outside the door, humming a song, and watching the ap
Chapter V2015-05-16
The life of Nilovna flowed on with strange placidity. This calmness sometimes astonished her. There was her son immured in prison. She knew that a severe sentence awaited him, yet every time the idea of it came to her mind her thoughts strayed to Andrey, Fedya, and an endless series of other people
Chapter VI2015-05-15
Once Nikolay, usually so punctual, came from his work much later than was his wont, and said, excitedly rubbing his hands: Do you know, Nilovna, to-day at the visiting hour one of our comrades disappeared from prison? But we have not succeeded in finding out who. The mothers body
Chapter VII2015-05-15
The mother folded Yegors hands over his breast and adjusted his head, which was strangely warm, on the pillow. Then silently wiping her eyes, she went to Liudmila, bent over her, and quietly stroked her thick hair. The woman slowly turned around to her, her dull eyes widened in a sickly way.
Chapter VIII2015-05-14
The next morning a number of men and women stood at the gate of the hospital waiting for the coffin of their comrade to be carried out to the street. Spies watchfully circled about, their ears alert to catch each sound, noting faces, manners, and words. From the other side of the street a group of p
Chapter IX2015-05-14
Sofya was already at home when they reached the house. She met the mother with a cigarette in her teeth. She was somewhat ruffled, but, as usual, bold and assured of manner. Putting the wounded man on the sofa, she deftly unbound his head, giving orders and screwing up her eyes from the smoke of her
Chapter X2015-05-13
The next day, early in the morning, the mother was seated in the post chaise, jolting along the road washed by the autumn rain. A damp wind blew on her face, the mud splashed, and the coachman on the box, half-turned toward her, complained in a meditative snuffle:I say to him - my broth
Chapter XI2015-05-13
The mother went to the room in the tavern, sat herself at the table in front of the samovar, took a piece of bread in her hand, looked at it, and slowly put it back on the plate. She was not hungry; the feeling in her breast rose again and flushed her with nausea. She grew faint and dizzy; the blood
Chapter XII2015-05-12
The mother lay motionless, with ears strained in the drowsy stillness, and before her in the darkness wavered Rybins face covered with blood. In the loft a dry whisper could be heard. You see what sort of people go into this work? Even elderly people who have drunk the cup of misery to
Chapter XIII2015-05-12
The mother fell quickly into a calm sleep, and rose early in the morning, awakened by a subdued tap at the kitchen door. The knock was incessant and patiently persistent. It was still dark and quiet, and the rapping broke in alarmingly on the stillness. Dressing herself rapidly, she walked out into
Chapter XIV2015-05-11
The mother and Nikolay, walking up to the window, watched the girl pass through the yard and disappear beyond the gate. Nikolay whistled quietly, sat down at the table and began to write. Shell occupy herself with this affair, and itll be easier for her, the mother reflect
Chapter XV2015-05-11
Pavel and Andrey sat side by side; along with them on the first bench were Mazin, Samoylov, and the Gusevs. Andrey had shaved his beard, but his mustache had grown and hung down, and gave his round head the appearance of a seacow or walrus. Something new lay on his face; something sharp and biting i
Chapter XVI2015-05-10
She silently nodded her head and smiled, satisfied that her son had spoken so bravely, perhaps still more satisfied that he had finished. The thought darted through her mind that the speech was likely to increase the dangers threatening Pavel; but her heart palpitated with pride, and his words seeme
Chapter XVII2015-05-10
At home they sat on the sofa closely pressed together, and the mother resting in the quiet again began to speak about Sashas going to Pavel. Thoughtfully raising her thick eyebrows, the girl looked into the distance with her large, dreamy eyes. A contemplative expression rested on her pale fa
Chapter XVIII2015-05-09
When she opened her eyes the room was filled by the cold, white glimmer of a clear wintry day. The hostess, with a book in her hand, lay on the sofa, and smiling unlike herself looked into her face. Oh, father! the mother exclaimed, for some reason embarrassed. Just look! Have I
Chapter XIX2015-05-09
In the street the frozen atmosphere enveloped her body invigoratingly, penetrated into her throat, tickled her nose, and for a second suppressed the breathing in her bosom. The mother stopped and looked around. Near to her, at the corner of the empty street, stood a cabman in a shaggy hat; at a slig
Chapter XX2015-05-08
Comrades! the voice of Pavel was heard. Soldiers are people the same as ourselves. They will not strike us! Why should they beat us? Because we bear the truth necessary for all? This our truth is necessary to them, too. Just now they do not understand this; but the time is neari
Part II Chapter I2015-05-08
The day passed in a motley blur of recollections, in a depressing state of exhaustion, which tightly clutched at the mothers body and soul. The faces of the young men flashed before her mental vision, the banner blazed, the songs clamored at her ear, the little officer skipped about, a gray s

赞助商链接

VOA,VOA慢速英语,英语学习网,英语新闻,学习方法