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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国谴责奎达恐怖袭击2017-04-20
Suicide bomb-wielding terrorists killed 61 and injured more than 100 cadets in a training academy in Quetta, Pakistan. The United States condemns the terrorist attack on the police training center and extends its condolences to the victims and their famil
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:阿勒颇——一场人道主义灾难2017-04-20
The humanitarian and human rights situation in Aleppo is dire. Secretary of State John Kerry described the situation in Syria as one of the largest humanitarian disasters since World War II. U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon has described Aleppo as a sla
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:巴基斯坦立法限制“荣誉处决”2017-04-20
Pakistan's parliament recently voted unanimously to toughen the laws against so-called honor killings. The United States commends the efforts of Pakistan to end this barbaric practice.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:北卡罗来纳州开始提前投票2017-04-20
Early voting is off to a fair start in the battleground state of North Carolina. Voters on both sides of the political divide are highly motivated by the presidential race between Democrat Hillary Clinton and Republican Donald Trump.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:部分伊拉克人逃离战斗 部分人渴望回家2017-04-20
Smoke from burning oil wells billows over the town, while fumes from a burning sulfur plant poison the air. They were set alight by Islamic State militants fleeing Kurdish peshmerga and Iraqi forces.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:塞舌尔群岛反对党联盟赢得选举2017-04-20
Something remarkable happened in the Seychelles recently. In parliamentary elections, a coalition of opposition parties won the majority of votes, ending the ruling party's four-decade hold on power.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:奥巴马签署政策指令 鼓励美国与古巴民间交流2017-04-20
President Barack Obama recently signed a Presidential Policy Directive that encourages further engagement between the United States and Cuba and the people of our two countries. He called the Directive another major step forward in our efforts to normaliz
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国印度的网络对话2017-04-20
The Governments of the United States and India held the Fifth U.S.-India Cyber Dialogue in New Delhi on September 28,2016.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:非洲各国的合作与发展2017-04-20
In October, the United States Agency for International Development, or USAID, and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, or COMESA, launched a five-year Regional Development Objectives Grant Agreement at the 19th COMESA Summit, held this year
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国回应军舰在也门遇袭事件2017-04-20
The United States has responded to a series of missile attacks aimed at U.S. Navy ships sailing in international waters off the coast of Yemen. Missiles from an area in Yemen controlled by Houthi rebels were launched toward these ships on October 9, 12, a
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:刚果推迟两年大选引争议2017-04-20
After a month and a half of discussion, the 300 delegates adopted an agreement aimed at ending months of political crisis in the DRC. The electoral commission has said it is nowhere near ready to hold polls as scheduled in November.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:刚果暴力手段打击反对派和民主人士2017-04-20
The U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control, or OFAC, recently sanctioned two individuals, Gabriel Amisi Kumba and John Numbi, following increasing indications that the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, or DRC
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:2016年世界粮食日2017-04-20
October 16th is World Food Day, a day of action against hunger. The date commemorates the founding in 1945 of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, or FAO. On this day, people around the world come together to declare their commitment to e
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:科学家研究1.7亿年前海怪骨架2017-04-20
The bones of the sea monster are 170 million years old and were discovered in Scotland's Isle of Skye. Paleontologists are excited by the almost-complete skeleton.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:奥巴马承诺持续支持阿富汗发展2017-04-20
The United States remains committed to helping Afghanistan become a more secure and stable country, said Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan Richard Olson.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:越南宗教自由遭挑战2017-04-20
There are mixed trends with regard to the state of religious freedom in Vietnam. The most significant differences between these trends, said U.S. Ambassador at Large for International Religious Freedom David Saperstein, is primarily between rural and urba
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:坚持《赫尔辛基协定》2017-04-20
Forty-one years ago, the Helsinki Final Act recognized the universal significance of human rights and fundamental freedoms and committed every signatory nation to promote universal and effective respect for them.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国政府与可口可乐公司合作保护水源2017-04-20
U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack and Coca-Cola North America President Sandy Douglas recently announced that their partnership to restore and protect damaged watersheds within national forest lands achieved a milestone of one billion liters of water
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:打击全球非法经济活动2017-04-20
The term illicit economy refers to all illegal economic activity. Sometimes referred to as the shadow economy, black market or informal economy, it represents the dark side of globalization. It undermines economic potential, siphons off legitimate profits
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国协助喀麦隆建立卫生保健系统2017-04-20
Health care in Cameroon got a boost last month, with some help from the United States. On September 29, Deputy Chief of Mission Matthew Smith presented to Minister for Public Health, His Excellency Andre Mama Fouda, with over $1 million in Information Tec
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:哥伦比亚和平进程如何走下去?2017-04-20
In a very close vote, Colombians voted down a peace accord aimed at ending a 52 year guerilla war with the Marxist rebel group known as the FARC. The no vote edged out the yes vote by 0.5 percent of the vote with 37 percent of eligible voters going to the
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:性别平等有益于每个人2017-04-20
Gender equality has powerful potential to improve the economy, security and the overall well-being of a population.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国为乌兹别克斯坦提供食品援助2017-04-20
In cooperation with the Government of Uzbekistan and other partners USAID will distribute over 112 metric tons of enriched food aid to 21,200 people across Uzbekistan.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:利比亚的非洲国家安全指数录的最大跌幅2017-04-20
The annual Ibrahim Index on African Governance shows almost two in three African citizens live in a country in which safety and the rule of law have deteriorated during the past decade.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:克里呼吁国际社会帮助哥伦比亚排雷2017-04-20
One of the kick-off events for the United Nations General Assembly week was a ministerial pledging meeting for the Global Demining Initiative for Colombia.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:普京指派的车臣政治强人强化稳定性问题2017-04-20
More a celebration than an exercise in democracy as Chechen voters for the first time elected strongman Ramzan Kadyrov.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:总统候选人电视辩论或决定选战结果2017-04-20
The first debate will be a key moment for Republican Donald Trump, who has closed the polling gap in recent weeks against Democrat Hillary Clinton.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:探访三藩市俄语区2017-04-20
Russian Hill — one of the highest points in San-Francisco — is the place where the future city was born.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:2016年TechWomen计划进展情况2017-04-20
It's no secret that the best way to jump-start a sluggish economy is to invest in women. That's because when women enter the formal economy, they invest their earnings into their families and their communities, pulling both out of poverty.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:土耳其东部村民欲前往欧盟寻求更好生活2017-04-20
The Kurdish village of Goma Seydo, high in the mountains of Turkey's Erzurum province, little hasn't changed here in centuries. And for the young, the lure of a new life in Europe is strong.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:拉美裔文化月2017-04-20
In the thirty days between September 15th and October 15th, the United States observes National Hispanic Heritage Month, celebrating the histories, cultures and contributions of those United States citizens whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, the Car
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:新合作打击非法捕鱼2017-04-20
The world's fisheries are a natural resource that provides employment for over 300 million people and food for billions. Worldwide, fisheries support a $250 billion global economy.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:人道主义、打击恐怖主义成联合国工作重点2017-04-20
Humanitarian response, peace and security and countering terrorism and violent extremism will be top priorities for the United States as delegates join those of 193 nations during the high-level week of the 71st session of the United Nations General Assem
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:赞比亚民主倒退2017-04-20
Many in the international community held high hopes that the 2016 elections in Zambia would signal yet another win for democracy in Africa.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:保护柬埔寨野生动物2017-04-20
There is good news for Cambodian wildlife threatened by deforestation. The Royal Government of Cambodia and the Wildlife Conservation Society recently signed an important agreement in Phnom Penh to implement the historic carbon transfer agreement announce
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国专家怀疑俄罗斯黑客攻击美国政治体系2017-04-20
The election -- the heart of U.S. democracy -- is at the center of the debate. But before we tell you how ... a little background.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:南苏丹必须停止招募童兵2017-04-20
For a while, it looked like the two and a half-year-old civil war in South Sudan might finally be over. In August of last year, both Salva Kiir and Riek Machar signed a peace agreement to end the conflict, the terms of which confirmed Salva Kiir as Presid
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:刚果民主共和国抗击黄热病2017-04-20
A preventive vaccination campaign against yellow fever was launched on August 17th in the Democratic Republic of Congo by the government. The United States, through USAID and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, has provided crucial support
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:委内瑞拉当局再次关押反对派领导人2017-04-20
Authorities in Venezuela have again imprisoned opposition leader Daniel Ceballos. Mr. Ceballos, the former mayor of the western city of San Cristobal, had been released from prison last year and placed under house arrest for health reasons. He was arreste
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:索马里需更多人道主义援助2017-04-20
A quarter century of civil war, exacerbated by the rise of the violent al Shabaab terror group and cyclical droughts of historic proportions has seen wave after wave of Somalis leaving their home country. Today, some 463,000 Somalis are living as refugees
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:克里促也门重返和平2017-04-20
The recent suicide bombing in Aden, which was claimed by Da'esh, highlights the violence that continues to rage in Yemen.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国与加拿大的合作保护候鸟项目2017-04-20
The skies of North America today provide the backdrop for celebrating a century of conservation of one group of Earth's most treasured animals: migratory birds.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:孟加拉国争取繁荣与和平2017-04-20
Since Bangladesh became independent in 1971, it has enjoyed a broad and robust bilateral relationship with the United States. The United States has provided billions of dollars of assistance that has helped Bangladesh achieve impressive social outcomes an
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:音乐中心成伊拉克小孩避难所2017-04-20
All too often, in Iraq and many other places in the world, this can dominate the sounds gabbed you. But here, children are surrounded by a different sound.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:尼日利亚打击暴力极端主义2017-04-20
The terrorist group Boko Haram has exacted a heavy toll on the people of Nigeria. The group has killed more than 20,000 people, displaced more than 2 million, and plunged some 7 million Nigerians into hunger and desperate need. In the past two years Boko
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:沙特进口索马里兰牲畜为朝圣活动做准备2017-04-20
From the hinterlands to the capital, Hargeisa, millions of sheep and goats are on the move in the small Horn of Africa republic.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:哥伦比亚交战双方或将合作排雷2017-04-20
For people living in former conflict zones, war may not end for years after the last shot has been fired and the peace agreement is signed.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:加强社区建设对抗恐怖分子人员招聘2017-04-20
The Boko Haram terrorist group has one overriding goal—to seize as much territory as it can hold so it can impose its extreme ideology on the people living there.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:南苏丹需要是什么?2017-04-20
After recent meetings in Nairobi with the foreign ministers of a number of regional partners, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said that a regional protection force, authorized by the United Nations Security Council, is necessary to protect civilians in
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国国务卿出访达卡 将帮助孟加拉国打击恐怖主义2017-04-20
Increasingly sophisticated terrorist attacks in Bangladesh have targeted foreigners, secular bloggers and other activists, as well as members of religious minorities. It is a worrying development in a Muslim country known for combining devotion with toler

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