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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:布鲁斯歌手伊夫林·卢比奥发行新唱片2017-04-20
Evelyn Rubio has drawn attention in the United States playing saxophone with various jazz and blues bands. But she started her career in Mexico as a singer. I started my career singing; I have been singing all my life and saxophone came later just for fun
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:卡内基梅隆大学开发新的多幅相机捕捉3D动作2017-04-20
In 1878, using 12 still cameras positioned along a racetrack, English photographer Eadweard Muybridge solved a much debated question: whether a galloping horse had all of its legs in the air at one point.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:尼泊尔乡村遭地震冲击2017-04-20
The small fishing village of Majigaon, on the banks of the Indravati River, exists on few maps. Now, it has been wiped off the map. All 50 stone and wood homes tumbled in an instant when the quake shattered Nepal.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:索马里青年从伦敦返回摩加迪沙开办酒店2017-04-20
Along the Somali coastline sits the Jazeera Beach Hotel, one of the finest beach resorts in Mogadishu.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:高中生参加机器人大赛2017-04-20
A crowd of 40,000 cheered while the competitors nervously watched their robots maneuvering around the field with almost athletic precision, picking up empty recycle bins and stacking them in designated areas, with a trash can balanced on top.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:潘基文称地中海出现二战以来最严重的人道主义危机2017-04-20
Another desperate human cargo arriving on the shores of southern Italy. This Italian naval vessel picked up more than 300 migrants from several boats off the Libyan coast and brought them ashore over the weekend in Sicily.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:法国展出史前文物的复制品吸引游客2017-04-20
On December 18, 1994, a group of French speleologists exploring caves in southern France entered a previously unknown area.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:法国骚乱十周年 欲从被忽视的郊区寻找答案2017-04-20
Market day in Clichy-sous-Bois - a time to chat and buy items from the home country. Many residents and their forebears immigrated here from North and sub-Saharan Africa. They were looking for better opportunities.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:朱莉呼吁帮助叙利亚难民2017-04-20
Jolie Pitt said she had made 11 trips to countries hosting Syrian refugees over the past four years. She said she wished some of the refugees could speak to the council.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:荷兰能源公司利用服务器热量为住宅供热2017-04-20
Data centers of large Internet firms, such as Google, Apple, Microsoft and others, contain thousands of computer servers. As they process information they generate enormous amounts of heat requiring cooling towers that dissipate it into the atmosphere.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:巴尔的摩抗议警察滥用暴力的示威进入第五天2017-04-20
Officials arrested two people for disorderly conduct in what was otherwise a loud but peaceful protest as the city awaits more information from authorities about how Freddie Gray died. With hands and voices raised, demonstrators marched for hours around B
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:科学家们创建的可触摸的虚拟对象2017-04-20
Motion recognition technology already allows users to command computer-controlled devices by waving a hand above a sensitive surface. But feeling the actual object, such as the car radio’s tuning button, would give us more feedback, making the motion more
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国与欧洲需要一个自由贸易协议?2017-04-20
Free-trade supporters say the U.S. must act quickly to regain its share of global investment. Unfortunately, it has a lot of catching up to do, said Nancy McLernan, president of the Organization for International Investment.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国一售卖手工艺品网站IPO成功2017-04-20
Although Etsys stock prices have declined since the initial excitement, the New-York based start-up is showing resilience. Etsy is an online marketplace offering handmade, antique and vintage goods sold by individual sellers.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:保持华盛顿领空安全是项艰巨的任务2017-04-20
When Florida Postal Service worker Doug Hughes landed his homemade gyrocopter on the west lawn of the U.S. Capitol, in a daring bid to deliver a political message to the lawmakers, the security services were taken by surprise.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国司法部长提名竞争激烈2017-04-20
A frustrated President Obama chastised the Senate Friday. Enough. Enough. Call Loretta Lynch for a vote, Obama said. Get her confirmed. Put her in place. Let her do her job. This is embarrassing.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:乌克兰志愿者搜索失踪士兵的尸体2017-04-20
With a recent escalation in violence in eastern Ukraine's separatist conflict, the number of dead grows. Many fallen soldiers are buried without record, often in a grave without a name or tombstone. On the road to the village of Savur Mohyla near the Rus
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:也门副总裁呼吁和平谈判2017-04-20
At this traditional restaurant, Yemeni people stranded here in Egypt are divided. Some think foreign intervention is necessary to end the war, and others think foreign intervention is the cause of the war.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:过去两天,成千上万非法移民涌向意大利南部海岸2017-04-20
On the shores of southern Italy, each day brings a new wave of migrants and more harrowing tales of extreme suffering.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:保护夏威夷濒危鸟类Akikiki和Akeke2017-04-20
Akikiki and Akeke'e, two species of honeycreepers, make their nests high in the trees of dense rainforests on the Hawaiian island of Kaua’i, camouflaging them as clumps of moss.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:外国代表团访问美国游说打击极端主义2017-04-20
High-level representatives from 11 of the countries involved in U.S.-led coalition against the Islamic State group are on a U.S. tour sponsored by the State Department in an effort to combat violent extremism
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:也门基地组织称美国无人机炸死了高级神职人员2017-04-20
Widespread fighting continues in Yemen, where Saudi Arabia is leading an Arab coalition effort to push back a Houthi rebel assault against what is left of Yemeni government forces.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国官员称伊斯兰国已失超四分之一领土2017-04-20
A new map released by the Pentagon shows that Iraqi forces regained key territories in the north, near Tikrit, Sinjar Mountain and the Mosul Dam.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:世界银行和国际货币基金组织(IMF)会议聚焦于经济增长缓慢与改革2017-04-20
Even with falling oil prices and strong U.S. growth, the head of the International Monetary Fund said the global economy only expanded around 3.4 percent last year. While that is near the average growth over the last couple of decades, IMF Managing Direct
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:科巴尼正从战争蹂躏中恢复过来2017-04-20
Few places in Syria offer hope. The Matry Osman school in war-battered Kobani is a rare exception.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:房企使用3D打印方法解决住房短缺问题2017-04-20
3-D printers are rapidly entering all levels of industry, including construction. Last December in Nanjing, the Chinese 3-D Research Printing Institute opened an exhibition in a house built with elements created by a giant 3-D printer.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:首尔环境气候变化会议 投资与回报成亮点2017-04-20
The Mapo Resource Recovery facility in Seoul converts 750 tons of trash a day into electricity, produces the equivalent of 41,000 barrels of oil a year, and uses a system of filters to capture most of the carbon gases produced in the burning process.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:华盛顿的樱花 见证美日关系2017-04-20
Ann McClellan, author of Cherry Blossoms: The Official Book of the National Cherry Blossom Festival, said the blossoms are an inspiration.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:晚上篮球赛回归更安全的摩加迪沙2017-04-20
At the Wiish Stadium in Mogadishu, enthusiastic fans filled the capital’s basketball court to witness a night sporting event - the first in two decades.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:科学家开发出协助人类行走的机器2017-04-20
Burning less calories while walking seems like a bad idea, but making the walk easier may actually keep people on their feet longer, and that scientists say, has substantial health benefits.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:世界银行行长称消除极端贫穷触手可及2017-04-20
What is extreme poverty? According to the United Nations it’s a condition characterized by a lack of basic human needs, like clean drinking water, food, sanitation and education.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国与古巴在峰会上寻求全新的拉丁美洲关系2017-04-20
The last Summit of the Americas, in Cartagena, Colombia in 2012, is remembered for a scandal involving U.S. Secret Service agents and prostitutes.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:加州限制用水以面对干旱2017-04-20
This is the fourth year in a row of below average rainfall, which has created moderate to extreme drought conditions. Bill McDonald of the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California says new restrictions should save a precious resource that is dry
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:科学家合作开发抗蛇毒血清以应付撒哈拉以南的蛇2017-04-20
The Puff adder is only one of many venomous snakes native to sub-Saharan Africa. Dr. Robert Harrison, of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, says every year, puff adders and the other snakes kill about 32,000 people.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:各国对伊朗核协议框架发表不同意见2017-04-20
In Easter Sunday prayers, Pope Francis highlighted the accord reached in Switzerland. With hope we entrust to the merciful Lord the framework recently agreed in Lausanne, that it may be a definitive step toward a more secure and fraternal world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:波斯尼亚的穆斯林工匠制作教皇椅子2017-04-20
The Hajderovac family from the town of Zavidovici in northeastern Bosnia is famous in the region for carving wooden objects for everyday use, as well as religious symbols for Muslims, Catholics and Orthodox Christians.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:埃塞俄比亚全力进行大规模的大坝项目2017-04-20
The Nile River is a source of life for several African countries and, for years, a source of tension between Ethiopia and Egypt. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, begun four years ago, threatened to raise those tensions, even sparking talk of war.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:伊朗核框架令人称赞;艰难的谈判2017-04-20
After more than a week of marathon sessions in Switzerland, Secretary of State John Kerry said negotiators have a solid foundation for a good final agreement.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国恢复对埃及的武器销售2017-04-20
Citing national security interests, Washington has bypassed Egypt's dismal human rights and democracy record and sold the country F-16 fighter jets, Harpoon missiles and Abrams tank kits.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:新激光治疗伤口好的更快且没有疤痕2017-04-20
For decades, doctors have known that cuts in living tissue can be welded together by heat. But keeping the temperature of the welding tool constant proved to be a daunting problem, according to Abraham Katzir, head of Tel Aviv University’s Applied Physics
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:医生利用微型相机观察血管2017-04-20
Blockages in coronary arteries, caused by the buildup of plaque, are the main cause of heart attacks. In most cases, doctors treat the problem by widening the artery with a mechanical device called a stent, inserted at the end of a long thin wire-like cat
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:电子支付交易取代传统现金2017-04-20
Cash…clams…dough…scratch. All mean the same thing. Money - that one can hold and use for any kind of purchase or purpose. Is it losing favor worldwide?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:统计显示美国黑人更容易失业2017-04-20
Medgar Evers College, whose student body is nearly 90 percent black, is filled with hard-working students fulfilling their degree requirements. But unlike their white peers, African Americans overall are statistically much more likely to be unemployed, ac
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国和墨西哥科学家在墨西哥修建伽马射线天文台2017-04-20
Extreme cosmic events, such as explosions of stars, pulsars or black holes, emit huge bursts of highly-charged particles, called gamma rays, that under certain circumstances can travel faster than the speed of light.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:西非试验埃博拉病毒疫苗2017-04-20
It's ironic...just as the Ebola epidemic in West Africa seems to be waning, clinical trials of potential vaccines are underway there.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:新型轮椅易于使用可增加流动性2017-04-20
For many disabled people, the only way to move around is by using a wheelchair. Those who cannot afford powered wheelchairs propel themselves with their arms, which often leads to fatigue, pain, and even permanent damage to arms and shoulders.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:菲律宾建新赌场迎合中国游客2017-04-20
When international visitors touch down in the Philippine capital, they do not have very far to go to reach the casinos.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:世界各国领导人齐聚新加坡参加李光耀葬礼2017-04-20
In Bangkok, Beijing, Jakarta and other Asian capitals, Lee Kuan Yew served as a role model for leaders hoping to reproduce the magic that took Singapore from a colonial backwater to one of the world's most prosperous and efficient nations.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国、韩国进行联合演习2017-04-20
The combined U.S. and South Korean armies staged a mock attack that involved 14 helicopters, ten armored vehicles and 300 soldiers, all firing live rounds, at a U.S. artillery range in Pocheon, about six kilometers from the North Korean border.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:科学角度解析冰球运动2017-04-20
Angles, friction, centrifugal force — understanding scientific principles can help win the game.

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