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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:奥巴马面临着更强大的新国会压力2017-04-19
After a Christmas vacation with his family in Hawaii, President Obama returned to Washington to face a stark new political reality.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:研究人员制造出人造皮肤的触觉2017-04-19
Artificial robotic hands are getting increasingly better at emulating human hands and the most advanced can even be controlled by thoughts.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:俄罗斯民众无惧危机欢庆新年2017-04-19
The fireworks in Moscow's Red Square on New Year's Eve were greeted with much enthusiasm, recalling better times in Russia.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:奥巴马与共和党控制的国会或在全球事务上无法合力2017-04-19
International negotiations on Iran’s nuclear program resume one week after Congress gavels in. Skeptics, like Republican Senator Bob Corker, have said lawmakers will consider tougher sanctions on Tehran in case negotiations fail.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:专家称巴基斯坦陆军参谋长能对抗恐怖主义2017-04-19
General Raheel Sharif is Pakistan's fifteenth army Chief of Staff and comes from a highly-decorated army family. His older brother, the late Major Shabbir Sharif, received Pakistan's highest military award, the Nishan-e-Haider.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:南苏丹战乱严重冲击畜牧业2017-04-19
The year-long conflict in South Sudan has taken a heavy toll on the population through malnutrition, death and displacement. But the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization says millions of cattle have also been displaced, raising concerns over disease out
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:麻省理工科学家称机器人将具备猎豹般的运动能力2017-04-19
Scientists say their robots will soon be able to run like cheetahs. But for now, the different technologies that will bring them closer to everyday life are still being tested.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:在肯尼亚,计划生育是一个经济保障2017-04-19
There are more than 40 million people in Kenya, and the population keeps rising. The average family has five children. While that number is down from two decades ago, the exploding population is outpacing the provision of resources and services, which are
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:俄罗斯的行动为北约提供新的任务2017-04-19
The change in NATO-Russia relations grew out of protests in Ukraine that led to the ouster of the country’s pro-Russian president. Russia sent operatives and troops into Ukraine’s Crimea region and forcibly annexed it. Then Russia backed separatists in tw
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:2015年重启伊朗核谈判2017-04-19
The negotiators had already extended their talks once, leading to considerable disappointment when they missed their second deadline in November. But U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said what he called substantial progress justified extending the talks
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:2014年是索马里政治动荡的一年2017-04-19
A political standoff in Somalia ended in a vote of no-confidence this month. By a vote of 153 to 80, Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed was removed from office, following a feud with President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud over a cabinet reshuffle.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:安全原因导致蒙巴萨假日旅游经济衰退2017-04-19
It’s festive season. This time of year Kenyan beaches are always busy; but not this year. Here in Mombasa, there are just a few beachgoers as thousands of regular visitors have avoided the coastal city.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:经济衰退笼罩着俄罗斯新年假期2017-04-19
Despite economic worries, Moscow's residents and visitors are flocking to Christmas fairs to enjoy seasonal and amusements.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国希望看到美联储经济刺激的连锁反应2017-04-19
Since 2008, the U.S. central bank has pumped nearly $4 trillion into the global economy with its stimulus policy. Besides boosting liquidity, quantitative easing, as the practice is known, also sent U.S. interest rates to record lows.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:古巴开放贸易喜忧参半2017-04-19
I remember getting out of school and getting to my house, and there would be a seal on the door, he said. When Jorge Valdez was eight years old, he and his family left Cuba with nothing but the clothes on their backs.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:黎巴嫩水资源短缺威胁叙利亚难民2017-04-19
In these informal refugee camps in the Bekaa Valley, there is no shortage of water tanks, but many are empty. Aid organizations deliver free water to many families about once every 10 days, but children say that water lasts only a few days.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:南苏丹医院面临大规模麻疹爆发2017-04-19
Mother of Mercy Hospital is the only medical facility in all of South Kordofan province. The 80-bed hospital runs at triple its capacity. The staff is currently dealing with a large-scale measles outbreak — with more than 1,000 admissions for measles alon
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:2015年贸易谈判可能升温2017-04-19
Proposed trade deals have sparked demonstrations by labor and environmental groups, who complain few details are public, and what little is known shows the benefits of proposed trade accords helping companies, not people.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:阿拉伯茶叶进口禁令致非洲农民经济困难2017-04-19
Khat farmers in central Kenya are struggling to sell the leafy stimulant known as Khat or Miraa after most European countries banned its import.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:一片平静的恐惧笼罩着南苏丹本提乌城2017-04-19
The small, propeller-driven airplane of the World Food Program leaves Juba, the capital of South Sudan, for the north. The rich and fertile country below could easily sustain itself. But a year ago, when fighting broke out, all development in the then two
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:华盛顿周刊:关注古巴与朝鲜2017-04-19
While some Cuban exiles protest in Miami, and Cubans on the island hope for an economic boost, President Raul Castro says renewed ties between Washington and Havana do not signal an end to communism in Cuba.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:纽约、夏威夷、和伊利诺斯州申办奥巴马总统图书馆2017-04-19
As she works behind her desk at the University of Illinois Chicago campus, Dean of Libraries Mary Case’s office looks out onto what she hopes is the future of her institution -- the potential home of the Obama Presidential Library.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:刚果民主共和国东部战乱导致数百人死亡2017-04-19
The U.N. refugee agency says weekly massacres of civilians are being reported in the DRC’S North Kivu Province. It says armed groups have been attacking since October, bringing fear, death and displacement.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:流亡的缅甸歌手还不能回国2017-04-19
In northern Thailand, exiled Kachin musician Mun Aung has a message of peace for his fans in Yangon.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:联合国关注巴勒斯坦决议草案或影响美国斡旋努力2017-04-19
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said there were ‘pent-up” frustrations on both sides and they ran deep.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:嘲讽金正恩,后果很严重2017-04-19
Inside North Korea, Kim Jong Un, like his late father and grandfather, is depicted as infallible. The state-controlled media jubilantly reported that he won an election to the Supreme Peoples Assembly last year with 100 percent of the vote. Of course, his
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:幸存者与受害者亲戚讲述巴基斯坦学校的恐怖袭击2017-04-19
The usually bustling city of Peshawar appears subdued and the residents traumatized in the wake of the deadly assault on the school. There are heart-wrenching scenes as families mourn the losses.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:数百万人逃离博科圣地魔窟2017-04-19
Shanties made of old sacks and pieces of wood are now home for people who fled Gwoza, a town in Nigeria’s Borno State. Boko Haram overran the town earlier this year and declared it part of a caliphate.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:奥巴马政府的“送电到非洲”项目2017-04-19
Lack of inexpensive, reliable energy delivery is one of the chief obstacles to growth and development in much of Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:战胜艾滋病毒2017-04-19
Much has changed in the three decades since HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, was identified. Even as recently as a decade ago, a diagnosis of HIV/AIDS seemed like a death sentence for an entire continent, said Secretary of State John Kerry.

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