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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:7月份美国就业市场增加了21.5万个工作岗位2017-04-20
As job reports go, July turned in a solid performance – with white collar jobs in retail, business services and health care leading the way.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:科学家们测试不同的方式拯救犀牛2017-04-20
The biggest threat to rhinos are poachers who kill them for their horns. In spite of a lack of scientific proof, many in Vietnam and China believe that pills made of ground rhino horns can cure various diseases and disorders.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:乌干达奇缺厨师2017-04-20
It’s a problem that is not immediately associated with a low-income country such as Uganda, but there’s a shortage of Ugandan chefs. In recent years the restaurant and tourism industry have grown quite rapidly - and as a result, the demand for well-traine
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:流行音乐明星托里·凯利一夜成名2017-04-20
You couldn’t call Kelly an overnight success. Sure she’s only 22, and she is managed by Scooter Braun – the same man who ignited the careers of pop superstars Ariana Grande and Justin Bieber. But Kelly has been working towards pop stardom – and honing her
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:宇航员在水下训练深太空任务2017-04-20
Looking ahead to planned missions to the moon, an asteroid and Mars, Western space agencies send their astronauts to this underwater lab, 20 meters below the surface, off the coast of Key Largo, Florida, to test procedures, equipment and how to tolerate l
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:伦敦房地产市场蓬勃发展成洗钱天堂2017-04-20
During the past five years, prime London property has risen in value by 42 percent, and campaigners say it is partly fueled by "dirty" money from the proceeds of crime.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国童子军废除禁令 同性恋可担任领导人2017-04-20
For years, Boy Scouts from across the United States made an annual pilgrimage to Ottawa, Illinois, which proudly promotes itself as the Home of the Founder of the Boy Scouts of America, William Dickson Boyce.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:金属仿生手越来越栩栩如生2017-04-20
The human hand is one of the most mechanically complex systems in nature, so making an artificial replica is a daunting task. An ideal prosthesis should be light and flexible, with a reasonably powerful grip and controlled by the owner’s mind.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:俄罗斯被指责滥用国际刑警打击政敌2017-04-20
Interpol’s 190 member countries can apply for what’s called Red Notices — urgent requests for the arrest and extradition of criminal suspects on other members’ territory. David Satter is with the Henry Jackson Society of British-based policy group, said
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:特殊奥林匹克运动会的运动员结识新朋友2017-04-20
6,500 athletes are competing in 25 sports, and many competitors are at the top their game. An athlete's mother from Ireland is impressed.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:纽约杂志刊登遭喜剧演员麻醉和强奸的35名女性照片2017-04-20
Over the last year, numerous women - including those featured in New York magazine - have come forward to tell their stories of being drugged and raped by Bill Cosby.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:特奥会周六开幕2017-04-20
The Special Olympics torch, called the Flame of Hope, is nearing the end of its journey of thousands of kilometers. It is part of a fundraising effort for the Special Olympics movement by law enforcement agencies.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:肯尼亚企业家希望奥巴马的访问带来商机2017-04-20
Joseph Omondi works on an earthen stove at his workshop in Korogocho, on the outskirts of Kenya’s capital Nairobi. He began working with metal four years ago to provide for himself and his young family.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:备用电机或能挽救飞行员生命2017-04-20
In case of engine failure, multi-engine aircraft often have enough power to land safely, but single-engine planes have a very small chance of avoiding a fatal crash. Now, two Spanish inventors say their backup power system, designed specifically for small
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:德州官员发布监狱死亡案例视频2017-04-20
In the video from the jail, there is no direct view of Bland in her cell, but it does show the moment a guard discovers something is wrong. Later, paramedics arrive to remove the body.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:纽约的垃圾去哪儿了?2017-04-20
New York’s population is almost 8.5 million people. And every day, every resident literally leaves behind a pile a garbage. Where does much of that trash go? To the Sims Municipal Recycling Facility in Brooklyn, which features the latest technology in gar
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:克莱德·汤博的家乡庆祝“新视野”号飞抵冥王星2017-04-20
Streator, Illinois, is about as far away from Pluto as you can get on planet Earth. But Pluto is at the center of Streator’s universe. We are pro-Pluto in Streator, said Streator City Councilman Ed Brozak.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:希腊与欧盟通过17小时的通宵谈判达成协议2017-04-20
The leaders avoided the unprecedented removal of a country from the common euro currency, and possibly from the European Union — a result experts say would have had broader implications.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:希腊获得缓刑但困难远未结束2017-04-20
Judging from the reaction in financial markets – it’s a done deal. A third European bailout for Greece worth nearly 90 billion euros. But Greek lawmakers have yet to ratify the terms – which include more spending cuts, tax hikes and the privatization of g
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:国际足联如何重建威信?2017-04-20
One of the most expansive cases of foreign bribery in the history of the U.S. Justice Department had its start with ex-FIFA executive Chuck Blazer’s secret plea deal in 2013. That was followed by the indictment of 14 FIFA officials in May.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:斯雷布雷尼察的大屠杀20周年2017-04-20
For those who lost husbands and sons 20 years ago during the Srebrenica massacre, the wounds are still fresh.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:低技术含量的解决方案解决非洲日常问题2017-04-20
Access to clean drinking water is still a challenge for many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, especially for people living in large city slums, such as Mathare, in Kenya’s capital Nairobi.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:芝加哥夏令营教学生如何避免暴力2017-04-20
A 7-year-old boy was among those killed Saturday night while celebrating the July Fourth Independence Day with his family on Chicago's West Side. Police said his father was the intended target.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国女足返回洛杉矶受到热烈欢迎2017-04-20
The 23 team members got a rousing welcome at the Staples Center, where fan Karen Mosce came to celebrate the U.S. women's third World Cup title, and the first since 1999.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:伊朗核协议是项复杂的交易2017-04-20
An Iran nuclear deal would essentially a trade: Iran trading its capability to make nuclear weapons in exchange for relief from international economic sanctions.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:洪水威胁美国伊州标志性地标2017-04-20
Farnsworth House is literally a glass house, situated along the Fox River in rural Plano, Illinois. For Dr. Edith Farnsworth, the glass house was her retreat.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:叙利亚的亚美尼亚人逃离叙利亚2017-04-20
Syrians in Tal Abyad are now free of Islamic State rule. But new, more secular leadership comes too late for the city's Christians.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:辅助机器帮助瘫痪病人行走2017-04-20
Now, with the press of a button, a person with a with severe spinal cord injury can have the ability to walk again, thanks to the Walking Assistive Exoskeleton Robot.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:布隆迪难民继续逃离出境2017-04-20
The U.N. refugee agency said thousands of Burundians continue to flee political instability and violence. About 10-thousand refugees crossed into neighboring countries over the weekend before the government closed the borders prior to parliamentary electi
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:索马里盲人记者呼吁改善该国人道主义状况2017-04-20
The visually impaired reporter has defied the odds in a country ranked among the deadliest for journalists. He works at one of Mogadishu's leading radio stations.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:单人飞行器已接近现实2017-04-20
Being able to fly around as simply as riding a bicycle has been a long-standing dream of many inventors. But the safety and stability of such vehicles was always a huge problem.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:报告敦促加速对抗艾滋病毒2017-04-20
A new report warned if treatment and prevention methods for HIV/AIDS are not expanded now, the epidemic could rebound within five years. UNAIDS and the Lancet Commission said while unprecedented progress has been made against the disease, the rate of new
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:帮助尼日利亚残疾乞丐自食其力2017-04-20
These men are waiting for food from a local charity. It may be their only meal today. Disabled, most rely on street begging to sustain them.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:科学家探索通话时大脑是如何工作的2017-04-20
As every portrait painter knows, the slightest change in the shape of eyebrows, the curvature of lips or a crease in the forehead can alter the expression of a person's face — and affect how someone else responds.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:西非埃博拉疫情局势已遭控制2017-04-20
A new report said critical decisions by African leaders helped turn the tide in West Africa’s Ebola outbreak. The Tony Blair Africa Governance Initiative, or AGI, said there is no substitute for political leadership.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:以色列研发新设备减少飞行员“断片”情况2017-04-20
Two different physiological situations can lead to a pilot’s loss of consciousness, says Elbit Systems senior research and development director, retired fighter pilot Yaron Kranz.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:先进技术改进飞机驾驶舱2017-04-20
Aircraft cockpits have changed considerably over the past half century. The yoke-shaped control columns were replaced with joysticks, first developed for computer games.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:加州为将至的野火季节做准备2017-04-20
There have already been major wildfires, like the so-called Lake Fire, now burning in the mountains east of Los Angeles, and the Saddle Fire in Northern California, which burned more than 600 hectares before it was contained.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:叙利亚难民儿童面临巨大的健康危机2017-04-20
And as the crisis grows, funds to help refugees are dwindling, said Nasreddine Touaibia, a spokesman for the U.N.’s refugee agency at the camp. “The general picture is 600,000 refugees in Jordan alone. And more than 3.5 million refugees in the region. So
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:一年过去了,中美洲难民裁决仍悬而未决2017-04-20
Every day, dozens of people come to the office of Nelson Reyes seeking help on everything from finding employment to filing income tax and pursuing a visa that would allow them to stay in this country legally.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:联合国难民署报告称难民数量已创纪录2017-04-20
A major exodus of people from their homes started in 2011 with the eruption of civil war in Syria; but, in the past five years, armed conflicts and persecution also have sent people fleeing from their homes in Africa, Asia and Europe. Last year 42,500 peo
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:韩国向游客提供MERS保险2017-04-20
The MERS outbreak in South Korea has scared away international tourists by the thousands. Kim Chulmin with the Ministry of Tourism said if the drop off continues through the summer, the industry could lose over $900 million in expected revenue.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:布隆迪农村地区提前选举2017-04-20
Far from Bujumbura, the Burundian countryside seems little affected by the months of political protests and unrest in the capital.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国穆斯林为斋月做准备2017-04-20
Mid-day prayers are under way at the Islamic Society of Orange County, a multi-cultural mosque in a multi-ethnic neighborhood of southern California.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:摩托车爱好者拒被描写成暴力罪犯形象2017-04-20
A few hundred members of motorcycle clubs from the Houston region gather at the Hawg Stop restaurant and bar.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:乌克兰餐厅恶搞俄罗斯的宣传手法2017-04-20
Glory to Nazis! the waiter shouts to customers arriving at the restaurant, Karatel, which means The Punisher.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:俄罗斯支持的反叛武装誓言“解放”更多乌克兰地区2017-04-20
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe says both sides are building up tanks, firing lines, and moving weapons in violation of a February agreement.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:伊斯兰国招募大量中亚人员2017-04-20
The United Nations estimates that Islamic State and related groups have at least 25,000 foreign fighters from more than 100 countries. According to data from the U.S. Counterterrorism Center, Islamic State has already recruited hundreds of people from Taj
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:“智能鞋”有助减少医疗感染2017-04-20
Hospitals need to be the epitome of cleanliness. The problem is, harmful microorganisms are stubborn creatures able to find their way into even highly sterile environments such as hospital operating rooms.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:摇滚音乐的诞生及其发展历史2017-04-20
During the wild early years of rock n’ roll, Little Richard was king, and sax player Grady Gaines was on top of the world -- as well as Little Richard’s piano.

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