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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国总统候选人争取拉美裔选民2017-04-20
Hillary Clinton addressed 2,000 people at the Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute on Wednesday. In brief remarks preceding President Barack Obama's speech on immigration, Clinton said too many people fail to see how vital Hispanic people are to the U
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:活动人士谴责拆迁拉各斯贫民窟2017-04-20
Thousands of Nigeria’s poor call a plot of swampy land in Badia East near the Lagos port home. But bulldozers razed most of it shortly after a judge awarded the land to a traditional ruler last month.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:环太平洋国家达成具有里程碑意义的贸易协议2017-04-20
We the trade ministers of Australia, Brunei Darusssalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Vietnam are pleased to announce that we have successfully concluded the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiat
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:烫发如何损害你的头发?2017-04-20
Some people who have naturally curly hair prefer to have it straightened. Others with straight hair want to have curls.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国团体希望政府接收更多叙利亚难民2017-04-20
Asmat Khalil Dado had a good life in Aleppo, Syria. He says his job as a bus driver provided well for his family of 6. All of that changed when war came to his doorstep four years ago.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:新型面料有助于避免尘螨过敏2017-04-20
We don’t like to think about it, but most of us share our beds with thousands of tiny,0.3-millimeter wide creatures called dust mites. Even more disagreeable is the fact that, along with ordinary house dust, we breathe in their feces, which contains enzym
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:无人驾驶卡车将在欧洲高速公路第一次测试2017-04-20
The new 430-horsepower truck, loaded with 40 tons of cargo, slowly pulled out of the parking lot in Stuttgart, driven by the head of Daimler’s trucks and buses division, Wolfgang Bernhard.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:总统候选人川普坚称减税免税2017-04-20
Trump promised to cut income taxes for middle-class as well as wealthy Americans, while eliminating them altogether for people making less than $25,000 a year. He also said he would slash corporate taxes by half and reduce taxes for businesses, both to he
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:海洋机器车探索凯尔特海2017-04-20
Slowly moving just below the surface, a battery-powered submersible glider called Slocum collects data for England's National Oceanography Center in Southampton and the World Wildlife Fund.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:尼日利亚拉各斯的回收垃圾再用项目2017-04-20
Adeyemi Okuwoga is on the hunt for trash. Neighbors bring out bags of plastic and aluminum waste. He weighs them and carts them off, free of charge.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:脓毒症新疗法能拯救无数人生命2017-04-20
Sepsis can be triggered by pneumonia, surgery, even childbirth. Symptoms include fever, increased breathing, and confusion. The body’s defense system goes out of control, causing widespread inflammation, organ failure and septic shock, where blood pressur
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:长期干旱影响加州的红杉2017-04-20
Slowly and painstakingly, University of California tree biologist Anthony Ambrose climbs up a giant sequoia in California’s Sierra Nevada mountain range, the only place on earth where these magnificent trees live.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:教皇敦促拉美裔移民坚持信仰2017-04-20
It was the moment they had been waiting for. Francis blessed the youngest of them, and even accepted a gift. Then, standing at Abraham Lincoln’s old lectern, the pope gave what was essentially a pro-immigration pep talk in Spanish.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:移民继续呆在土耳其还是离开?2017-04-20
Like many of his fellow migrants, Sami el Imad left Syria because of the war. Unlike many others, he wants to stay in Turkey. He likes the familiarity.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:塞尔维亚与克罗地亚边境紧张引发一系列连锁反应2017-04-20
Parked cargo trucks span the border at the main crossing between Croatia and Serbia as trade has become a victim of Europe's migrant crisis.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:空客研发无动力平流层滑翔机2017-04-20
Because gliders are engineless, they must be towed by powered planes to a certain height. From there, they use natural updrafts, also called mountain waves, to soar through the sky. That is why their wings are so much longer than an ordinary plane’s.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:克罗地亚难民接待场所爆发混乱2017-04-20
The makeshift center was quickly overwhelmed by thousands arriving via Serbia. The refugees and migrants from the Middle East and Africa demanded quick registration and transit through Hungary.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:200万叙利亚难民在土耳其过开斋节2017-04-20
Even as he was fighting the crowds to buy sweets for Eid, Omer Omer was thinking about home.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:教皇在联合国会晤潘基文2017-04-20
Pope Francis arrives at the U.N. on September 25, just hours ahead of the opening of a major anti-poverty summit. He will address the U.N. staff and have a private meeting with Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, whom he has met three times before at the Vatic
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:新科技将大幅降低太空发射成本2017-04-20
According to Thoth Technologies the elevator would run inside an inflatable tower. Launching space vehicles from its top would be much cheaper.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:教皇造访美国成社交媒体焦点2017-04-20
Twitter brought volunteers together to welcome the pope. United by a hashtag (#), Catholics in the U.S. capital are carrying out a pledge to Walk with Francis.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:奥地利难民潮有所放缓2017-04-20
Crowds still gathered at Vienna’s main train station Thursday, a day after Hungary closed its border with Serbia, slowing the tide of refugees.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:教皇弗朗西斯访问美国吸引百万游客2017-04-20
Belmont, the Little Italy of the Bronx, New York, is home to Artuso Pastry, a bakery and café that is gearing up for Pope Francis’ visit with a special edition dessert.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:“母亲”机器人建造自己的“孩子”2017-04-20
It's a robotic version of nature's survival of the fittest. The mother robot analyzes the performance of each of the children it creates, and incorporates preferential traits into the next generation.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:研究发现维生素D补充剂或能减缓痴呆2017-04-20
Vitamin D comes from the sun and from some foods like nuts, lentils and fatty fish. Researchers have found that low levels of vitamin D could be related to dementia and Alzheimer's disease, one of the most common forms of dementia.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:移民冲击匈牙利 局势日趋紧张2017-04-20
The steady flow of migrants into Hungary from Serbia may come to a halt Tuesday. Hungarian Prime Minister Victor Orban has promised tough action against anyone crossing the border illegally from that day onward.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:语言障碍增加移民欧洲的难度2017-04-20
Getting aid from a relief camp becomes a struggle. Elsewhere in Belgrade, a family sits by the roadside asking directions to a nearby hotel. Both instances are made worse due to a language barrier
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:菲律宾欲推动军事现代化争夺南海2017-04-20
Each day 200,000 bullets are produced at the Government Arsenal. But it is not enough to supply the Philippine Armed Forces with the ammunition it requires.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:市场注意力转移到9月美联储是否调整利率2017-04-20
Until the recent stock turmoil triggered by the slowdown in China, many expected a September rate hike. But uncertainty over global economic growth muddied the waters. Even job numbers showing U.S. unemployment at a seven-year low have not eased concerns,
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:许多儿童难民在叙利亚已遭受严重创伤2017-04-20
If you ask the children at this orphanage what they want in the future there is one consistent answer. They want to return to Syria.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:未决定是否支持伊朗核协议的国会议员减少2017-04-20
Frankly, this is not the agreement I hoped for. I have serious concerns based on Iran’s past behavior of cheating on nuclear agreements, said Democratic Senator Chris Coons of Delaware.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:爱荷华州反建制的总统候选人人气急升2017-04-20
In towns across Iowa, the crowds supporting Democratic candidate Bernie Sanders, a U.S. senator from Vermont, are growing.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:乍得前领导人的审判于周一继续2017-04-20
At the opening of his long-awaited trial in July, the former Chadian leader denied the legitimacy of the special court: the Extraordinary African Chambers.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:应用程序帮助肯尼亚企业领先造假者2017-04-20
Thirty-four-year-old Jemima Mwafigu intently logs her inventory into her computer. She is a businesswoman who deals in perfumes and designer colognes. But in the first year of running her business, she found it hard to keep customers due to counterfeit go
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国男子足球队准备与秘鲁和巴西的比赛2017-04-20
As it prepares for Friday's match against Peru in Washington, the U.S. men's soccer team is hoping to bounce back from a disappointing sequence.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:沙特国王萨尔曼周五造访白宫2017-04-20
The one-on-one talks between President Obama and Saudi Arabia’s King Salman could not come at a more tumultuous time in the Middle East, as a U.S.-led coalition fights Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria, and a Saudi-led coalition beats back Iranian
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:“业余科学家”加入月球探测器研发竞争2017-04-20
With an adjustable solar panel, three cameras and four sturdy tires, the 'Part Time Scientists' rover looks ready for action. The team has been at work on the rover since 2008, says founder Robert Böehme, using components originally designed for ea
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:副总统拜登将加入美国总统竞选?2017-04-20
He has an extensive political resume: vice president for nearly seven years after 36 years as a U.S. senator. Plain-spoken and long-winded, Joe Biden is no stranger to the campaign trail.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:新奥尔良重建被卡特里娜飓风摧毁的音乐场所2017-04-20
New Orleans is known for its music. But 10 years ago, the music was drowned out by the howling winds and rising water brought by Hurricane Katrina.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:总统候选人周末行程忙2017-04-20
Democratic politicians who have announced their candidacy for the presidential nomination are in Minnesota for the two-day meeting that began early Friday. The party's favorite, former secretary of state Hillary Clinton was among the first to speak.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:全球股票市场动荡的一周悄然结束2017-04-20
Despite better-than-expected U.S. growth in the second quarter, Wall Street finished a tumultuous week with key indexes mostly unchanged. Meanwhile, Asian markets closed in positive territory for a second day as Beijing snapped up more shares to stabilize
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:俄罗斯或向中东售武2017-04-20
Russia's International Aviation and Space Show traditionally boasts an impressive display of military and civilian aviation hardware.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:非洲国家希望受益于新零关税协议法案2017-04-20
Exhibitors at the AGOA forum in the Gabonese capital, Libreville, are ready to take full advantage of exporting their products into the U.S. tax free. U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Linda Thomas-Greenfield is attending the forum and
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:致命野火肆虐西方国家2017-04-20
Planes and helicopters have been dropping water and flame retardants in efforts to stop the fires from spreading. [The planes are] most impressive. It's incredible to see the air attack tankers come in like they do, especially the DC-10, said Mike Pruitt
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:研究发现新纳米颗粒可能取代化学农药2017-04-20
Large farms use various chemicals to fight fungi and bacteria that attack crops, and others such as e. coli that are harmful to humans.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国学校的孩子面临耐药性头虱困扰2017-04-20
When 17-year-old Ben Kupferman from California returned from a summer camp, he brought some unwanted guests home.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:研究发现强大的爆炸冲击力或改变大脑的结构2017-04-20
Many veterans who survived powerful explosions show symptoms of psychological injuries, such as mood swings, violent outbursts, difficulty to concentrate or depression.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:New York Carousel Simulates Fish Swimming Patterns2017-04-20
The fish flash before your eyes….they undulate…they change color…. You never know what it’s going to do. You know it’s going to come back down and started to go. It’s going to go up and down. It’s really fun, said one boy.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:克什米尔巴士路线缓解印巴关系2017-04-20
The Kashmir bus route has been ferrying families across the Line of Control since April 2005, braving occasional gunfire, in what has become an enduring model of cooperation and a vital link for people in both countries.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:3D打印机利用废塑料制造家具2017-04-20
A popular 3D printing method called selective laser sintering,’ or SLS, uses metal or plastic powder, typically nylon, for creating various objects, but leaves about 44 percent of it as waste.

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