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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:生活中常用到的那些军事发明2017-04-20
Many people around the world use a microwave oven every day, not knowing that a crucial part of it was once a top military secret. In 1940, the situation in Europe was desperate. German forces were preparing for the invasion of Britain while U-boats were
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:法国极右翼国民阵线党获得法国地方选举胜利2017-04-20
The first political test for France since the attacks – and the National Front under Marine Le Pen has emerged as the clear winner. She said the result showed the old political world is crumbling’.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:奥巴马:美国面临国际恐怖主义和枪支管制问题2017-04-20
Islamic State-inspired carnage on U.S. soil is a concept many Americans find unnerving. It’s really scary because ISIS has bombs and everything, said April, a California resident, using another acronym for the Islamic State. And bombs could take out a who
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:来自西方国家的志愿者在叙利亚加入反ISIS部队2017-04-20
In the recent months, dozens of fighters from North American and European countries have travelled to Syria to try to stop Islamic State, or Daesh, attacks both in the region and abroad. The woman who leads the Kurdish YPG team that trains foreign fighter
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:非洲侨民希望美国接受更多非洲难民2017-04-20
On the edge of downtown Los Angeles, a group of people, mainly from the Democratic Republic of Congo, gather at the African First Community Church of Southern California once a week for a little piece of home. About one-third of them arrived in the U.S. a
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:朝鲜泡菜大战韩国泡菜 申请“非遗”入选提名2017-04-20
Kimchi is a spicy and sour side dish made by fermenting vegetables - usually cabbage - with spices such as chili peppers, garlic and ginger. While it is common in South and North Korea, variations of kimchi are gaining popularity around the world. South K
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:总统阿卜杜勒预计赢得埃及议会选举2017-04-20
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi was not running for anything in this election, but he is expected to emerge the winner, with a body of legislators who will support him and the roughly 200 laws he has passed by decree.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:海平面上升威胁塞内加尔岛屿2017-04-20
Mangrove forests, essential to Senegalese coastal ecosystems, protect swampy areas from erosion, storm surges and tsunamis. They shield crop fields and help boost fish stocks. But as the sea waters rise, the mangroves get too much salt and perish.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:英国、丹麦拒绝厄立特里亚难民庇护申请2017-04-20
Eritreans are the third largest group of refugees arriving on Europe’s shores, after Syrians and Afghans. Stefan Simanowitz of Amnesty says the vast majority are young men fleeing oppressive national service.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:反恐官员称伊拉克和叙利亚ISIS实力依然强大2017-04-20
The wounds of the attacks on Paris are still raw in the West, where mourning is quickly being replaced by renewed fears and stepped-up security.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:泰国人迎接“水灯节” 严查湄公河安全问题2017-04-20
In northern Thailand, the annual tradition of constructing floating baskets to carry away the year’s bad spirits highlights the Loy Krathong festival.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:俄罗斯加大制裁土耳其并暂停其旅游签证2017-04-20
Russia increased inspections on Turkish imports as part of a range of sanctions against Ankara that include suspending visa-free travel with Turkey, which millions of Russians visit every year.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:如果达成气候协议,接下来会发生什么?2017-04-20
There is hope in combating the effects of a rapidly warming planet, according to U.S. Congressman Don Beyer, who serves on the Joint Economic Committee and the House Committee on Natural Resources.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:德国比利时边境虽加强边检但漏洞仍多2017-04-20
This is the center of Liège, a town in Belgium which is literally half an hour’s drive from the border of Germany. Counter terrorism units were active in this town a couple of days ago apparently chasing tips that Saleh Abdesalam was spotted here.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:马里酒店恐袭打击本已疲软的经济2017-04-20
In the busy streets of Mali's capital city, Bamako, the immediate impact of the November 20th terrorist attack is to be found inside hotel reservation books, said Sidy Keita, national deputy director of the Malian Office for Tourism and Hospitality.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:解放辛加尔之后库尔德人寻求重建帮助2017-04-20
The liberation of Sinjar was great news for the city’s population. But now the people here want more from the Iraqi government and the international community.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:马里酒店恐袭案缘于武装组织的权力游戏2017-04-20
A few days after the terrorists struck, the Radisson Blu hotel in Mali's capital city, Bamako, bears the scars of the November 20 attack that left at least 19 people dead.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:埃博拉疫情或倒逼全球卫生体系重大改革2017-04-20
More than 11,000 people died as the Ebola virus spread across Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone - with minor outbreaks in a handful of other African countries. The investigation into the global response describes immense human suffering, fear and chaos’ –
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:厄尔尼诺给墨西哥到加州暖流带来意想不到的鱼2017-04-20
Thanks to El Nino, California's coastal waters have become more hospitable to fish from the tropics. Hammerhead sharks are among them.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国穆斯林团体一致谴责巴黎恐袭事件2017-04-20
Like most other communities across America, Muslims were shocked at the Paris terrorist attacks. Saba Ahmed, a lawyer and president of the Republican Muslim Coalition, condemned terrorists for such atrocious acts.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:拉斯维加斯消费电子展将展出更多智能设备2017-04-20
High-definition cameras, sensors, electric motors and remote controls have become so small and cheap they can be put on most everyday objects. Using the processing power of our smartphones they become, well, robotic.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:安全和情报官员警告称巴黎恐袭非单一事件2017-04-20
With the wounds still raw from Paris and much of Europe on edge, there’s the question that won’t go away – have more foreign fighters returned to the West to wreak havoc in the name of the group known as Islamic State?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:纽约警察局部署反恐怖袭击预案2017-04-20
New Yorkers have rallied to France’s side. On Monday, they honored those who lost their lives with a rendition of ‘La Marseillaise,’ the French national anthem, during a somber ceremony at New York’s 9/11 memorial.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:巴黎哀悼恐袭遇难人员2017-04-20
The global outpouring of support for France is very visible on the streets of the French capital. More than 30 million tourists visit Paris every year.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:活动人士呼吁20国集团停止化石燃料补贴2017-04-20
In 2009, G-20 members pledged to end subsidies for fossil fuels in the form of direct grants or loans, tax breaks or price supports. Shelagh Whitley of the Overseas Development Institute said they were breaking that promise.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:无叶型风力发电机 模仿自然运动不伤鸟类2017-04-20
Energy created by conventional three-blade wind turbines is cheap, sustainable and pollution-free. But according to current estimates, the devices' fast-moving blades kill up to 300,000 birds annually in the U.S.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:肯尼亚牧民种植耐旱植物对抗干旱2017-04-20
Early morning in Samburu. Ten-year-old Arlha Lenguris is having her only meal of the day, porridge mixed with cooking oil, before heading out to tend to her father’s herd of goats.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:专家称冬天临近欧洲需做好接受更多难民的准备2017-04-20
Mild weather in Europe has so far contributed to the continuing high numbers of migrants arriving in Europe via the Mediterranean.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:活动人士竞相拯救叙利亚的文化历史2017-04-20
The museum in the Syrian town of Maarat al-Numan is well-known for its ancient Roman and Byzantine mosaics,mosaics are now hidden from view, indefinitely.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:俄罗斯航班出事后华盛顿关注航空安全2017-04-20
Although much of the tragedy remains shrouded in mystery, a clue emerged from the doomed Airbus’ cockpit voice recorder that could point to a bomb. A noise was heard in the last second of the CVR recording, said Egyptian lead investigator Ayman El-Muqadem
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:空难争议之后 埃及开放3座古墓以吸引游客2017-04-20
Egyptians say if you want to find ancient treasures in Luxor, all you have to do is start digging. And the digging never stops.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:土耳其的库尔德人寻求出路摆脱选举后的镇压2017-04-20
Diyarbakir wears the scars of violence that preceded the elections. A nearly 500-year-old mosque in the city was the scene of a clash between Turkish security forces and Kurdish separatists whom Turkey – along with the U.S. – considers terrorists.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:威士忌的副产品——下一个汽车燃料?2017-04-20
Scotland is the world’s largest whisky producer. Scottish professor Martin Tangney has discovered how to take the waste products from distilling whisky and turn them into biobutanol, an alcohol that can be used as fuel.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:因海底寻宝发明的机器人2017-04-20
The underwater robot called Trident grew out of a 1970s magazine article about a treasure hunt.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:共和党提名仍然犹豫不决 克林顿领衔民主党阵营2017-04-20
Donald Trump's new book, Crippled America: How to Make America Great Again, went on sale Tuesday. It reinforces his campaign message that he would make the country strong again. Trump said his rival Ben Carson does not have the energy it takes to be pres
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:Sprint为古巴的外国人提供手机漫游服务2017-04-20
The U.S.-based firm Sprint signed a deal with Cuba’s state telecommunications agency Etecsa, with the objective to reach millions of tourists expected to visit the island in coming years.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:YPG武装停止向激进分子据点推进2017-04-20
Fighting between YPG and ISIS continues some 48 kilometers north of Raqqa, the capital of the self-proclaimed Islamic State. YPG fighters at this post say their position is less than two kilometers away from ISIS militants, and that they are able to respo
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:小气泡把水变成有效的清洁工具2017-04-20
Under ultraviolet light greasy residue on human hands becomes visible, but trying to rinse it off with ordinary cold water is next to impossible.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:自行车导航可以变得更简单和更安全2017-04-20
In many cities around the world, including Montreal and Washington, anyone with a credit card can go to a ride-share station and rent a bike. But knowing how to ride, and riding on a busy street while making turns to reach a destination safely are two dif
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国准备改变打击ISIS策略?2017-04-20
Video of a recent hostage rescue in Iraq showed just how close U.S. soldiers were to dangerous Islamic State attacks. U.S. soldiers were side by side wtih Kurdish forces behind enemy lines, with one American soldier killed by ISIS fire.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:科巴尼附近的村民生活在持续的恐惧的炮击声中2017-04-20
In one village on the western side of Kobani district, which has a mixed population of Arabs and Kurds, residents say they live in constant fear of rocket fire.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:智利学生发明手机“绿色”充电方式2017-04-20
Three Chilean students got the idea for a plant-powered device to charge their cellphones, while sitting in their school’s outdoor courtyard during a break from exams, with dead mobile phones. Then, one of them had an aha moment.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:共和党总统候选人争论经济政策2017-04-20
The debate was feisty from the start with Ohio Governor John Kasich challenging political outsiders Donald Trump and Ben Carson for putting forward what he called fantasy proposals.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:科学家们解密变色龙眼睛的协调方式2017-04-20
Many fish and birds have eyes on opposite sides of the head, and they seemingly have at any given moment two different pictures of the world around them. But chameleons’ eyes are slightly bulging so they can focus both eyes on one object or track two diff
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:万圣节将至 南瓜大受欢迎2017-04-20
At Cox Farms Fall Festival in the Washington suburbs, picking out the perfect pumpkins is a big part of fun.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:浮游生物的粪便帮助科学家预测气候变化2017-04-20
As if materializing from a different dimension, the submersible device called PELAGRA (PElagic LAGRAngian sediment trap) slips below the surface and sinks into a research pool at the National Oceanography Centre, in Southampton, England.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国组织呼吁关爱军犬2017-04-20
At an event on Capitol Hill organized by the American Humane Association, Democratic congressman Henry Cuellar said it is important to strengthen the bond between soldiers and military dogs.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:十月仍有可能加息但可能性不大2017-04-20
Beijing's official figures suggests China’s economy is growing at close to seven percent – but very few people actually believe that. Richard Hunter is head of equities at London investment firm Hargreaves Lansdown.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国职业棒球大联盟进入冠军争夺战2017-04-20
The Friendly Confines of the Chicago Cubs, Wrigley Field, was built in 1914. It is one of the oldest operating ballparks in Major League Baseball, but the Cubs have never won a World Series there.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:传统治疗师成几内亚铲除埃博拉病毒的关键2017-04-20
Mory Kourouma says he will cure what ails you from the van he parks along a busy roadside in Guinea’s capital Conakry. He offers traditional medicines to treat common ailments, even if the ailment is fever, one of the first symptoms of the Ebola virus.

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