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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:因海底寻宝发明的机器人2017-04-20
The underwater robot called Trident grew out of a 1970s magazine article about a treasure hunt.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:共和党提名仍然犹豫不决 克林顿领衔民主党阵营2017-04-20
Donald Trump's new book, Crippled America: How to Make America Great Again, went on sale Tuesday. It reinforces his campaign message that he would make the country strong again. Trump said his rival Ben Carson does not have the energy it takes to be pres
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:Sprint为古巴的外国人提供手机漫游服务2017-04-20
The U.S.-based firm Sprint signed a deal with Cuba’s state telecommunications agency Etecsa, with the objective to reach millions of tourists expected to visit the island in coming years.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:YPG武装停止向激进分子据点推进2017-04-20
Fighting between YPG and ISIS continues some 48 kilometers north of Raqqa, the capital of the self-proclaimed Islamic State. YPG fighters at this post say their position is less than two kilometers away from ISIS militants, and that they are able to respo
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:小气泡把水变成有效的清洁工具2017-04-20
Under ultraviolet light greasy residue on human hands becomes visible, but trying to rinse it off with ordinary cold water is next to impossible.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:自行车导航可以变得更简单和更安全2017-04-20
In many cities around the world, including Montreal and Washington, anyone with a credit card can go to a ride-share station and rent a bike. But knowing how to ride, and riding on a busy street while making turns to reach a destination safely are two dif
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国准备改变打击ISIS策略?2017-04-20
Video of a recent hostage rescue in Iraq showed just how close U.S. soldiers were to dangerous Islamic State attacks. U.S. soldiers were side by side wtih Kurdish forces behind enemy lines, with one American soldier killed by ISIS fire.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:科巴尼附近的村民生活在持续的恐惧的炮击声中2017-04-20
In one village on the western side of Kobani district, which has a mixed population of Arabs and Kurds, residents say they live in constant fear of rocket fire.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:智利学生发明手机“绿色”充电方式2017-04-20
Three Chilean students got the idea for a plant-powered device to charge their cellphones, while sitting in their school’s outdoor courtyard during a break from exams, with dead mobile phones. Then, one of them had an aha moment.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:共和党总统候选人争论经济政策2017-04-20
The debate was feisty from the start with Ohio Governor John Kasich challenging political outsiders Donald Trump and Ben Carson for putting forward what he called fantasy proposals.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:科学家们解密变色龙眼睛的协调方式2017-04-20
Many fish and birds have eyes on opposite sides of the head, and they seemingly have at any given moment two different pictures of the world around them. But chameleons’ eyes are slightly bulging so they can focus both eyes on one object or track two diff
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:万圣节将至 南瓜大受欢迎2017-04-20
At Cox Farms Fall Festival in the Washington suburbs, picking out the perfect pumpkins is a big part of fun.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:浮游生物的粪便帮助科学家预测气候变化2017-04-20
As if materializing from a different dimension, the submersible device called PELAGRA (PElagic LAGRAngian sediment trap) slips below the surface and sinks into a research pool at the National Oceanography Centre, in Southampton, England.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国组织呼吁关爱军犬2017-04-20
At an event on Capitol Hill organized by the American Humane Association, Democratic congressman Henry Cuellar said it is important to strengthen the bond between soldiers and military dogs.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:十月仍有可能加息但可能性不大2017-04-20
Beijing's official figures suggests China’s economy is growing at close to seven percent – but very few people actually believe that. Richard Hunter is head of equities at London investment firm Hargreaves Lansdown.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国职业棒球大联盟进入冠军争夺战2017-04-20
The Friendly Confines of the Chicago Cubs, Wrigley Field, was built in 1914. It is one of the oldest operating ballparks in Major League Baseball, but the Cubs have never won a World Series there.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:传统治疗师成几内亚铲除埃博拉病毒的关键2017-04-20
Mory Kourouma says he will cure what ails you from the van he parks along a busy roadside in Guinea’s capital Conakry. He offers traditional medicines to treat common ailments, even if the ailment is fever, one of the first symptoms of the Ebola virus.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:中国长城正在慢慢消失2017-04-20
Built in ancient times to keep invading Mongols out, the Great Wall is a historical treasure for China. Stretching for thousands of kilometers across northern China, the World Heritage site is a marvel that attracts tens of thousands of tourists every yea
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:喀麦隆欢迎美国决定派兵进驻2017-04-20
Boko Haram has killed about 400 civilians in northern Cameroon since last year. The group's brazen attacks in recent months have led the government to beef up its military presence in the region with backing from Chad. For example, public buildings throu
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:土耳其称欧盟提供的移民协议显“虚伪”2017-04-20
The European money is aimed at helping Turkey to improve conditions for the two million refugees it is hosting on its soil – and keeping them in Turkey.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:科特迪瓦仍有很多受害者在等待战争赔款2017-04-20
Twenty-four-year-old Samate Abdoulaye is a survivor. He was shot in the head during the post-election violence in Ivory Coast in 2010. His father was killed while out trying to gather money for his son's operation.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:火星科幻电影希望能启发科学家2017-04-20
Some scientists also say the film has the potential to inspire as well entertain. In The Martian, Mark Watney is a U.S. astronaut who has to survive alone on Mars after his crew leaves the planet without him, thinking he died in a storm that swept him awa
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:新电视节目探索人类的大脑2017-04-20
In the six-part program David Eagleman demonstrates how our brains create what we perceive as reality and how what we are is a construct within the brain’s circuitry that is never complete.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:肯尼亚为青少年妈妈提供二次教育的机会2017-04-20
Early morning in Nyeri, 100 kilometers from Kenya’s capital Nairobi. Today, 17-year-old Cynthia Wairimu makes her way to class. She is in her final year of primary school (8th grade) and will take her final exams in December.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:研究发现长时间玩电脑会影响其在学校的表现2017-04-20
Good computer skills are desirable in today's digital age, and playing computer games can help children hone those skills -- as long as they don't overdo it, scientists warn.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:非营利组织帮助父亲提高育儿能力2017-04-20
In Hurlock, Maryland, at a place called River House, an American-Russian church community is running a retreat for fathers where they get parental advice and have a chance to practice it on the spot. Businessman Pavel Katsevenko from Hagerstown, Maryland
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:炸弹袭击凸显土耳其的深层问题2017-04-20
To avoid fueling even more tension, Turkey’s government imposed a media blackout banning these images of the moment the two bombs exploded at a rally in which Kurds and progressives for called for equality and peace.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国总统候选人争取拉美裔选民2017-04-20
Hillary Clinton addressed 2,000 people at the Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute on Wednesday. In brief remarks preceding President Barack Obama's speech on immigration, Clinton said too many people fail to see how vital Hispanic people are to the U
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:活动人士谴责拆迁拉各斯贫民窟2017-04-20
Thousands of Nigeria’s poor call a plot of swampy land in Badia East near the Lagos port home. But bulldozers razed most of it shortly after a judge awarded the land to a traditional ruler last month.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:环太平洋国家达成具有里程碑意义的贸易协议2017-04-20
We the trade ministers of Australia, Brunei Darusssalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Vietnam are pleased to announce that we have successfully concluded the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiat
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:烫发如何损害你的头发?2017-04-20
Some people who have naturally curly hair prefer to have it straightened. Others with straight hair want to have curls.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国团体希望政府接收更多叙利亚难民2017-04-20
Asmat Khalil Dado had a good life in Aleppo, Syria. He says his job as a bus driver provided well for his family of 6. All of that changed when war came to his doorstep four years ago.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:新型面料有助于避免尘螨过敏2017-04-20
We don’t like to think about it, but most of us share our beds with thousands of tiny,0.3-millimeter wide creatures called dust mites. Even more disagreeable is the fact that, along with ordinary house dust, we breathe in their feces, which contains enzym
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:无人驾驶卡车将在欧洲高速公路第一次测试2017-04-20
The new 430-horsepower truck, loaded with 40 tons of cargo, slowly pulled out of the parking lot in Stuttgart, driven by the head of Daimler’s trucks and buses division, Wolfgang Bernhard.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:总统候选人川普坚称减税免税2017-04-20
Trump promised to cut income taxes for middle-class as well as wealthy Americans, while eliminating them altogether for people making less than $25,000 a year. He also said he would slash corporate taxes by half and reduce taxes for businesses, both to he
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:海洋机器车探索凯尔特海2017-04-20
Slowly moving just below the surface, a battery-powered submersible glider called Slocum collects data for England's National Oceanography Center in Southampton and the World Wildlife Fund.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:尼日利亚拉各斯的回收垃圾再用项目2017-04-20
Adeyemi Okuwoga is on the hunt for trash. Neighbors bring out bags of plastic and aluminum waste. He weighs them and carts them off, free of charge.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:脓毒症新疗法能拯救无数人生命2017-04-20
Sepsis can be triggered by pneumonia, surgery, even childbirth. Symptoms include fever, increased breathing, and confusion. The body’s defense system goes out of control, causing widespread inflammation, organ failure and septic shock, where blood pressur
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:长期干旱影响加州的红杉2017-04-20
Slowly and painstakingly, University of California tree biologist Anthony Ambrose climbs up a giant sequoia in California’s Sierra Nevada mountain range, the only place on earth where these magnificent trees live.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:教皇敦促拉美裔移民坚持信仰2017-04-20
It was the moment they had been waiting for. Francis blessed the youngest of them, and even accepted a gift. Then, standing at Abraham Lincoln’s old lectern, the pope gave what was essentially a pro-immigration pep talk in Spanish.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:移民继续呆在土耳其还是离开?2017-04-20
Like many of his fellow migrants, Sami el Imad left Syria because of the war. Unlike many others, he wants to stay in Turkey. He likes the familiarity.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:塞尔维亚与克罗地亚边境紧张引发一系列连锁反应2017-04-20
Parked cargo trucks span the border at the main crossing between Croatia and Serbia as trade has become a victim of Europe's migrant crisis.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:空客研发无动力平流层滑翔机2017-04-20
Because gliders are engineless, they must be towed by powered planes to a certain height. From there, they use natural updrafts, also called mountain waves, to soar through the sky. That is why their wings are so much longer than an ordinary plane’s.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:克罗地亚难民接待场所爆发混乱2017-04-20
The makeshift center was quickly overwhelmed by thousands arriving via Serbia. The refugees and migrants from the Middle East and Africa demanded quick registration and transit through Hungary.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:200万叙利亚难民在土耳其过开斋节2017-04-20
Even as he was fighting the crowds to buy sweets for Eid, Omer Omer was thinking about home.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:教皇在联合国会晤潘基文2017-04-20
Pope Francis arrives at the U.N. on September 25, just hours ahead of the opening of a major anti-poverty summit. He will address the U.N. staff and have a private meeting with Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, whom he has met three times before at the Vatic
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:新科技将大幅降低太空发射成本2017-04-20
According to Thoth Technologies the elevator would run inside an inflatable tower. Launching space vehicles from its top would be much cheaper.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:教皇造访美国成社交媒体焦点2017-04-20
Twitter brought volunteers together to welcome the pope. United by a hashtag (#), Catholics in the U.S. capital are carrying out a pledge to Walk with Francis.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:奥地利难民潮有所放缓2017-04-20
Crowds still gathered at Vienna’s main train station Thursday, a day after Hungary closed its border with Serbia, slowing the tide of refugees.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:教皇弗朗西斯访问美国吸引百万游客2017-04-20
Belmont, the Little Italy of the Bronx, New York, is home to Artuso Pastry, a bakery and café that is gearing up for Pope Francis’ visit with a special edition dessert.

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