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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:亚洲菜在美国飞速增长2018-07-17
Between 1999 and 2015, sales of Asian fast food rose 135 percent, beating Latin and Middle Eastern cuisines. That information comes from market research firm Euromonitor.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:非洲猴面包树因干旱或枯萎而死2018-07-17
Some of the largest and oldest baobab trees have suddenly collapsed in recent years, and young trees do not seem to be taking their place.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国海军允许女性无需扎头发2018-07-17
The U.S. Navy has approved changes so that female service members can put their hair in a ponytail or wear other hairstyles. Navy officials said the changes aim to make the Navy a more inclusive team.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家:蜘蛛利用电场在空气中移动2018-07-16
A new study found that spiders react to electric fields to move through the air with the help of their webbing.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:探索公仔创作者的生活2018-07-16
A new show traveling across the United States shows the creative process of Jim Henson, inventor of the Muppets.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:北约部队正在芬兰附近“亮肌肉”2018-07-15
The drive from the Russian border to the Tapa military base in Estonia is only three hours by tank. And that concerns the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or NATO.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:俄罗斯美食成世界杯另一道美景2018-07-15
In the past month, football fans from all over the world have come to Russia to cheer on their countries’ teams. Many have a chance to taste Russian food for the first time.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:12名俄罗斯人被控干涉2016年美国大选2018-07-15
The United States Justice Department has announced charges against 12 Russian intelligence officers for hacking during the 2016 presidential campaign. Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein announced the charges Friday.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:硅谷欢迎中国资本“宠幸” 官员却持不同意见2018-07-14
Noting national security concerns, U.S. lawmakers are looking at foreign investment in American technology companies, especially those that work
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:骨肉分离的儿童已陆续与家人团聚2018-07-14
As of Thursday morning,57 children under the age of five had been reunited with their parents, the Trump administration said in a statement.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家发现5300年前猎人冰尸2018-07-14
Shortly before his death, scientists said, the Iceman ate the fat and meat of a wild goat, meat from a red deer and whole wheat seeds.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:超四成美国人认为青少年性行为可接受2018-07-14
In the United States, a growing number of Americans think sex between teenagers is morally acceptable. Of those questioned in a recent survey, 54 percent said they think teenage sex is morally wrong. But 42 percent said they think it is acceptable.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:特朗普提名的高院大法官候选人卡瓦诺是何许人?2018-07-14
This week, President Donald Trump nominated Federal Judge Brett Kavanaugh to be a Justice on the U.S. Supreme Court. The reaction from Congress was predictable. Republicans widely support him while Democrats say they are concerned he will change earlier c
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:少年足球队从泰国洞穴中被救出来且身体健康2018-07-14
A Thai government official says all 12 boys and their coach are doing well after their rescue from the Tham Luang cave.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:x射线技术帮助恢复19世纪丢失的名画2018-07-14
Scientists in Canada say they have found a new way to recover lost images from the first photographic process, which was used in the 1830s. The new method uses X-ray technology and light imaging to help save images damaged by the effects of aging.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:俄罗斯世界杯:克罗地亚向总决赛发起冲击2018-07-14
Croatia will play England in Moscow for a chance to reach its first World Cup final. It will be only the second time Croatia’s football team has competed at this level of play.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国政府撤销要求学校招生考虑种族多样化问题2018-07-14
The Trump Administration said it will cancel guidance that urges school officials to consider race.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:医生用小儿麻痹症病毒治疗脑癌2018-07-14
Scientists in the United States are using a polio virus to fight cancer in the brain. And they are calling their results promising.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:小威廉姆斯进军温网四强2018-07-14
Only three mothers have ever won a Grand Slam tennis title in the 50 years of what is known as “Open era” competition. American Serena Williams is looking like she could become the fourth.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:日本发生致命的洪水和山体滑坡2018-07-14
Severe flooding and landslides have killed at least 100 people in southwestern Japan. Officials said dozens of people were missing.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家在海洋中发现疑似陨石碎片2018-07-14
Scientists think they found pieces of a meteor that fell into the Pacific Ocean in March.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:辛辛那提动物园一只小河马成网红老师2018-07-14
Animal experts thought a hippopotamus named Fiona would never survive when she was born two months early and severely underweight in 2017. Now she is the star of several educational books.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:非洲第一夫人为女性和儿童争取权利2018-07-09
African first ladies use their position to influence change and support women’s issues.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国安置非法移民场所非议不断2018-07-09
Tornillo is providing temporary shelter for children who were separated from their families as part of the U.S. government's policy on migrants.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:词汇典故:关于山羊goats的英语表达2018-07-09
Have you ever wondered what the expression "get my goat" means? Well, wonder no more! Listen to Words and Their Stories to find out what this strange idiom means.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国对美国商品征重税周五生效2018-07-08
U.S. import taxes on $34 billion of Chinese products went into effect on Friday increasing trade tensions between the two countries. China has promised to answer with similar trade measures.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:俄罗斯世界杯:球衣销售成最大赢家2018-07-08
The 2018 FIFA World Cup continues to produce excitement and some major upsets for soccer fans worldwide. But the biggest World Cup winners seem to be the sellers of football jerseys and other team-related items.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:12岁少年创办滑板公司走向巅峰2018-07-08
Carson Kropfl is an inventor, business owner and environmental activist. You heard right. The San Clemente, California, boy just completed seventh grade. And, school had a lot to do with the creation of his company.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:世界上哪里的人最安全?2018-07-07
A new study takes a look at people’s ratings of the safest and most dangerous places in the world. The American research company Gallup asked people to tell about their experiences with crime and law enforcement.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:北极航运增加对动物造成威胁2018-07-07
The melting of Arctic ice has created more shipping lanes and threats to the animals that live there.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:英国官员称英国再次发生神经毒剂谋杀事件2018-07-07
British officials are saying two people found on Saturday suffering from poisoning effects were exposed to a nerve agent. The poison is said to be the same one that sickened former Russian agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter. Britain blamed Russia for t
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:伊朗与世界大国商讨核协议2018-07-06
Foreign ministers from Iran and four other countries are set to hold talks Friday on the 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and world powers. The ministers are to discuss how their countries can best sup
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:小学生搭建生态小屋吸引蝴蝶2018-07-06
Students at P.B. Smith Elementary School’s ecology club are learning about the life and migration of monarch butterflies.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:AI制作假视频已可乱真2018-07-06
New technology is making it possible for people to make realistic videos of people appearing to say things they never actually said. The deepfake videos can be created with technology that uses face mapping and artificial intelligence to produce false vid
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究表明细菌或导致肥胖人群焦虑和抑郁2018-07-06
New research find that stomach bacteria in overweight mice can make other mice anxious
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:一只熊误闯洛杉矶民宅成网红2018-07-05
Video of one bears relaxing afternoon in a California mans backyard has gone viral.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国国务卿前往朝鲜进行核谈判2018-07-05
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo will travel to North Korea for nuclear walks with officials there. The move comes as U.S. intelligence officials say North Korea is expanding its banned weapons programs.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究证明新艾滋病药物不会引发抑郁和自杀等副作用2018-07-05
A new study of a popular medicine could ease concerns about its link to depression. The drug, efavirenz, is used to fight the human immunodeficiency virus, HIV. The virus weakens the body’s natural
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:泰国救援人员在洞穴成功救出12名男孩和足球教练2018-07-04
This is What’s Trending Today… Thai officials say rescue workers have found all 12 boys and their soccer coach alive deep inside a partly flooded cave.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:奥夫拉多尔赢得墨西哥总统大选2018-07-04
Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, a former rights activist and Mexico City mayor, has been elected the next president of Mexico.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:6月份美国边境巡逻队逮捕人数急剧下降2018-07-04
The lower number follows four months of increases. The number could be a product of President Donald Trump’s policy of bringing criminal charges against every adult who enters the country illegally. Or it could be the result of changing seasons.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:移民活动人士拒绝接受DNA检测2018-07-04
When kidnappers attacked a woman on a Guatemala City street and seized her baby daughter, DNA testing came to the rescue. The tests helped reunite the girl with her mother after the baby was left at a religious center with no identification.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:俄罗斯商人宣称在月球建国2018-07-04
Asgardians have big plans. They want to build up a population of 150 million people within 10 years. They also plan to operate space ships in outer space where humans can live permanently.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:越南的啤酒文化与大生意2018-07-04
In Vietnam, beer is big business. Young people fill large, newly built beer halls for drinks after a long day. Foreigners are launching small businesses and making their own beer in the country.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国将海警转为军事化管理2018-07-02
China is placing its coast guard under military command. Experts say the move is a warning to other countries, including the United States, against interfering with its control over the disputed South China Sea.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:词汇典故:带宽2018-07-02
Our computers have a limited amount of "bandwidth" and so do our brains! Learn how to use this technology-related word.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国马里兰州报社遭枪击 五名记者死亡2018-07-01
Workers at the Capital Gazette remembered five co-workers who were killed by a gunman on Thursday. The paper wrote about the incident in its edition published the next day.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国国务院称缅甸人口贩卖情况持续恶化2018-07-01
Myanmar dropped in the U.S. State Department’s latest report on human trafficking. The report accuses Myanmar’s military of carrying out operations in Rakhine state that forced large numbers of Rohingya Muslims to flee to Bangladesh.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:取消驾驶禁令后,沙特女性或从事司机工作2018-07-01
Women drivers took to the streets in Saudi Arabia this week as a ban against them driving was lifted. Now a new job possibility for Saudi women in the country has arisen: professional driver.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:特朗普和普京将在赫尔辛基会面2018-06-30
President Donald Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin to meet July 16 in Helsinki, Finland.
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