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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国一城市禁止儿童餐牌出现含糖饮料2018-07-31
The city of Baltimore, Maryland has banned soda and other sugary drinks on childrens menus at restaurants to help prevent childhood obesity. But not everyone agrees.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:博科圣地的妇女们费尽心力求生存2018-07-31
For these women, this class is the answer to changing their lives. Some of the women are married to militants, members of Boko Haram. The group has terrorized northeastern Nigeria and nearby areas since 2009. Most of the women are widows.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:菲律宾总统签署赋予南部穆斯林自治权的法律2018-07-31
Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has signed a law to give greater self-rule to Muslims living in the country’s south. The law aims to settle a nearly 50-year-old conflict between the Philippine government and Muslims fighting for an independent state.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国最大港口担忧中美贸易战2018-07-30
The combined California ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach are the largest in the United States. American-based traders using the ports say they fear a U.S.-China trade war will hurt their business and force them to raise prices.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:25位国际年轻音乐家共同演绎 祈祷世界和平2018-07-30
Twenty-five young musicians from around the world have come to California to train and perform this month. They will take part in an international program called iPalpiti. The name comes from the Italian word for heartbeats.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:部分大学允许学生拿到工资后再给学费2018-07-30
Instead of loans, some colleges are experimenting with paying for students’ college education in exchange for a percentage of their future salary.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:柬埔寨执政党无挑战胜出大选2018-07-29
Prime Minister Hun Sens Cambodian Peoples Party is expected to stay in power. The party has won every election for the past 20 years. In the 2013 election, the opposition Cambodian National Rescue Party (or CNRP) disputed the results. It accused the rulin
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:视频显示亚马逊最后一个部落仍未灭绝2018-07-29
The video is from 2011. But officials say they last saw evidence he was alive in May.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国大银幕暑期档《伸冤人2》PK《妈妈咪呀!》2018-07-29
The movie, The Equalizer 2 won the box office competition in America last weekend, with Mamma Mia: Here We Go Again coming in a close second. But, this weekend both movies are facing the much-talked-about Mission: Impossible Fallout.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国三大航空公司修改台湾标识名称2018-07-28
Three large U.S.-based air carriers have given in to pressure from China and removed the term Taiwan from their websites. American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and United Airlines joined other companies to stop listing the city of Taipei as being in Taiwan.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:本世纪最长的月食将于周五晚发生2018-07-28
The longest lunar eclipse of the century will happen late Friday or early Saturday, depending on where you live.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:前板球明星伊姆兰汗宣布胜出巴基斯坦大选2018-07-28
Former cricket star Imran Khan has declared victory for his political party in Pakistan’s general elections.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:Facebook股价一夜暴跌20%2018-07-28
Facebook share prices dropped almost 20 percent Thursday. That is believed to be the largest one-day drop of any company on the American stock market.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:日本收纳女王玛丽·近藤:让生活更有条理2018-07-28
Kondo is building on her international fan base to expand her empire.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究发现火星表面之下蕴含水2018-07-28
A huge lake of salty water appears to be buried deep in Mars, scientists reported this week. The presence of water raises the chances of finding life on the red planet.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:网球名将小威称频繁的药检是种“歧视”行为2018-07-27
American tennis player Serena Williams is not pleased about getting more drug tests than her competitors.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:越南男子因在德国绑架而被判刑2018-07-27
Trinh Xuan Thanh, a former oil businessman, had requested asylum in Germany. The government there says armed Vietnamese agents forced Thanh, and a woman with him, off a Berlin street and into a car on July 23,2017. Many people reported seeing the kidnappi
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:来自东欧的饺子:皮耶罗饺2018-07-27
Ukrainian Village near Cleveland, Ohio, is home to Ohios largest Ukrainian population. Volunteers from a local church nearby make hundreds of Eastern European dumplings or pierogis each week.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:老挝大坝倒塌造成数百人失踪2018-07-26
A dam built to create electricity has collapsed in Laos, leaving several people feared dead and hundreds missing.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国橄榄球运动员加入费城交响乐团2018-07-26
Jason Kelce plays American football for the Philadelphia Eagles. The team won the Super Bowl earlier this year. He has become one the best-known players on the team - and not just because of his plays on the football field. Kelce is also known for his sax
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:泰国少年足球队员举行佛教剃光头仪式2018-07-26
Tradition calls for Buddhist males in Thailand to enter the clergy at some point in their lives. The service is to show thanks, often toward their parents for raising them. It is also believed that they will gain goodness and protection through such servi
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:朝鲜欲摧毁导弹发射区2018-07-26
Satellite pictures suggest that North Korea is taking apart areas of its main rocket launch center. The move appear to confirm a promise made to United States officials by leader Kim Jong Un.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国号召青年留农村发展2018-07-25
In China, rural communities are aging and becoming less productive. Now, there is an effort to get young workers to return to the countryside.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:叙利亚称撤离白盔人员是犯罪2018-07-25
Syria criticizes the evacuation of hundreds of White Helmet rescue workers to Jordan. The Jordanian government said in a statement Sunday that 422 White Helmet members were evacuated from Syria to Jordan.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:川普警告伊朗总统“威胁美国没好下场”2018-07-25
U.S. President Donald Trump says Iran risks serious consequences if it makes more threats against the United States. Trump’s words were written in large letters as part of a Twitter message. It appeared on Twitter Sunday night.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:西班牙成为欧盟移民的首选目的地2018-07-25
Migrants used to seek to make it to Italy, but now Spain is the place to go.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:约旦史前遗址发现世界上最古老的面包2018-07-25
The bread was found in a stone fireplace at an ancient site in Jordan’s Black Desert.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:梅蒂斯人身份的复杂问题2018-07-25
The group are called Métis, a French word for mixed. They are the descendants of French animal trappers and native women during the 1600s in today’s Western Canada.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:健康妇女是否应拥有堕胎权?2018-07-25
This 1973 case is back in the news as the U.S. government names a new Supreme Court justice. Will the nominee support or end Americans' right to end a pregnancy?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家观察飓风风眼以预测其强度2018-07-25
The science of predicting hurricanes has come a long way. But there is still more to learn to help people better prepare for the damage they may do.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:谷歌利用气球为肯尼亚提供互联网服务2018-07-23
Alphabet Inc will use its balloon technology to bring internet to rural parts of Kenya.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:雨季威胁的罗兴伽地区2018-07-23
More than 200,000 people are living in areas believed to be in danger of landslides and flooding.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:西伯利亚的特朗普汉堡店越来越受欢迎2018-07-23
The restaurant has been receiving increased attention after the Helsinki talks between the U.S. and Russian presidents
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:词汇典故:关于露营的英语表达2018-07-23
Camping is popular activity around the world. But have you ever heard of glamping? Find out what this new outdoor activity is all about.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:加州圣地亚哥国际动漫节盛大开幕2018-07-22
Comic-Con celebrates popular culture and the world of show business. Guinness World Records, the record-keeping business, recognizes it as the largest convention of its kind in the world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究:朝鲜、厄立特里亚拥有最高水平的“现代奴隶制”2018-07-22
The Walk Free Foundation published its 2018 report on what it calls modern slavery. It says more than 40 million people around the world live under force labor or trafficked conditions.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国农民为应对贸易战的长期影响做准备2018-07-22
U.S. farmers are beginning to feel the effects of tariffs set up by China to answer U.S. tariffs on Chinese steel and aluminum.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:学生徒步32公里谋求新工作2018-07-22
How far would you go to make a good impression at a new job? A college student in Alabama walked 32 kilometers in the dark to get to his new job.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国将允许3d打印枪支指令在网上公布2018-07-22
The U.S. government has settled a case with a gun rights activist that permits him to publish instructions for making guns with a 3-D printer.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:离散家庭在美国法庭赢得小小的胜利2018-07-22
A U.S. federal judge has ordered the Trump administration to stop immediate deportations of immigrant families. The order, which is enforced until at least July 24, would give families time to decide their next steps.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国检察官称俄罗斯妇女与间谍有联系2018-07-22
A Russian woman in the U.S. as a student and a gun-rights activist, has been accused of spying on U.S. persons and organizations.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:泰国男孩谈论被淹在洞穴里的经历2018-07-22
Members of the boys soccer team who were trapped for days in a flooded cave in Thailand spoke to the media about what they went through. The boys also showed sadness over the death of one of the rescue divers.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国公司:中国攻击柬埔寨网络2018-07-19
An American company says it found evidence that a Chinese group has attacked computers belonging to Cambodian government agencies, opposition leaders and media. One of the targeted groups was the National Election Committee.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:特朗普为芬兰赫尔辛基讲话辩解2018-07-19
After fierce criticism, President Donald Trump says he “misspoke” when talking about Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election. Trump said his misstatement made it appear that he did not believe Russia was responsible.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:更多美国学校提供国际学士课程2018-07-19
High school students in the U.S. increasingly have a new option to challenge themselves: the International Baccalaureate, or IB. The program is a demanding two-year curriculum. It aims to prepare students for college-level work, support independent resear
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国与欧盟举行贸易会谈应对经济增长放缓2018-07-18
Experts say it is unlikely that European Union countries will join China if fighting the US over export taxes. However, they think China and the US should restart trade talks as China has shown willingness to change trade policies.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:法国庆祝赢得2018年俄罗斯世界杯冠军2018-07-18
The team will be honored with a parade along the Champs Elysees and a special presidential ceremony
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:厄立特里亚驻埃塞俄比亚大使馆重新开馆2018-07-18
The official reopening came a week after the two sides declared an end to 20 years of a military stalemate. The countries fought a border war in which tens of thousands of people died.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:川普:“没理由”相信俄罗斯干涉美国大选2018-07-18
American President Donald Trump has said he cannot see any reason to believe Russia interfered in the election that put him ...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:老年人的生活将由机器人来陪伴?2018-07-17
As the American population ages, the demand for services and care for older adults is growing.
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