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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国小姐选美比赛将取消泳装环节2018-06-11
The head of the Miss American Organization said the event will no longer judge competitors on their appearance but on what makes you you.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:帕克兰校园枪击案或影响学生一生2018-06-11
A recent study found the most important issues for America’s post-millennial generation are jobs and unemployment, terrorism and the cost of higher education.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国时装设计师凯特·斯派德自杀身亡2018-06-11
Julia Curry, a spokeswoman for Kate Spade New York, said, Kate will be dearly missed and our thoughts are with Andy and the entire Spade family at this time.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中美因南海紧张关系升级影响东南亚2018-06-11
The continued movement of U.S. navy ships in the South China Sea is increasing tensions with China, and affecting other Southeast Asian Countries, observers say.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:特朗普总统能赦免自己吗?2018-06-11
Since taking office, Trump has approved pardons for several people who are not connected to the Mueller investigation. The moves and his comments led to a question whether he can actually pardon himself.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:威斯敏斯特教堂向游客开放更多区域2018-06-11
More than 300 objects will be put on display in the newly opened area. They will be grouped by four guiding ideas - Building Westminster Abbey, Worship and Daily Life, Westminster Abbey and the Monarchy and The Abbey and National Memory.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:印度爆发致命的脑损伤病毒2018-06-11
The number of people who have died from Nipah is relatively small. Officials from India’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare said in a statement to the press that this is not a major outbreak and is only a local occurrence. They cannot confirm the orig
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:莱昂纳多电影中网红的泰国海滩闭门谢客2018-06-05
The Thailand beach made famous in the Leonardo DiCaprio film “The Beach” is being closed to give it a break from massive tourism.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科赫基金会一直在资助大学2018-06-05
The Koch Foundation has given almost $49 million to more than 250 colleges across the U.S. in 2016. That is almost double its 2015 gift amount.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究表明:温室气体使食物缺乏营养2018-06-05
A new study has found that climate change will lower the nutrition levels of crops.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家发现太阳系中最古老的天体2018-06-05
Scientists believe that a number of objects in our solar system actually came from other star systems. Now researchers believe they have discovered the oldest alien object.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国多家私企展开太空竞赛2018-06-04
The United States government is trying to help private companies in their efforts to use space for business purposes.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:印度发明家把污染转变成墨水2018-06-04
Company officials say these devices will capture smoke from diesel generators and turn it into ink.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:活动人士:尼日利亚的人口贩卖问题日益猖獗2018-06-04
Human traffickers in Nigeria are finding people in camps for internally displaced persons and sending them to other countries.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:词汇典故:关于Arms的英语短语2018-06-04
Now its time for Words and Their Stories from VOA Learning English. On this program we explore expressions used in American English. People who ...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:德克萨斯州14岁少年赢得拼字比赛冠军2018-06-04
Fourteen-year-old Karthik Nemmani of Texas won the Scripps National Spelling Bee Thursday night. His victory was a surprise – even to him. I didn’t really think I’d be able to do it, he said softly. I had confidence that I could, but I honestly didn’t rea
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新型药丸结合生物学、电子学以识别疾病2018-06-04
Scientists have developed a small pill for patients to swallow. It mixes synthetic biology and electronics to find bleeding in the stomach and other parts of the digestive tract.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:韩国流行乐队BTS风靡美国2018-06-04
The South Korean boy band on Monday reached the number-one position on the Billboard Top 200 music list, with the album Love Yourself: Tear. It became the first K-pop group in history to top the U.S. music list.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究:人类只占地球生命体之沧海一粟2018-06-02
When you consider all life on Earth, billions of human beings are a relatively small number when compared to trees, earthworms or even viruses.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:沃尔玛为员工支付大学学费2018-06-02
The American company hopes the new program will help it find and keep higher quality entry-level employees.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国向盟友征收钢铁关税或引发贸易战2018-06-02
U.S. officials announced the tariffs are a result of their failure to win trade concessions. Officials said the import taxes would take effect on Friday. The announcement led to promises of action from major American allies, rising trade tensions and a dr
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家们利用DNA寻找尼斯湖水怪2018-06-02
For hundreds of years, visitors to Scotlands Loch Ness have described seeing a creature that some people believe lives deep in the lake. But now the story of Nessie -- the Loch Ness Monster -- may have no place to hide.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:库尔德人批评土耳其移动投票箱计划2018-06-02
Turkish officials say the move is designed to stop threats against voters. The main pro-Kurdish party said the plan is designed to keep it out of parliament.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:22岁非法移民因见义勇为被法国授予公民身份2018-06-01
He has been called France’s Spiderman by the media. And to French President Emmanuel Macron, he is a hero.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:巴基斯坦的街头学校向贫穷的孩子和家长们开放2018-06-01
A different kind of school in Pakistan is giving poor children, and sometimes their mothers too, a new chance to get an education.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国电视网ABC因种族言论问题取消播放《罗西娜》2018-06-01
The American television network ABC has canceled its top-rated show, “Roseanne.” The network made its decision shortly after the show’s star, Roseanne Barr, published a racist tweet.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:斯坦利杯决赛激战正酣2018-06-01
The newest professional hockey team in the United States is leading the series for the championship of North American hockey.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:一起吃饭的好处2018-05-30
For children, eating with their families is not only about preventing bad outcomes – it is also about developing good ones.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:漫威新增来自加拿大北部的本土超级英雄2018-05-30
A new superhero has been added to Marvel Comics’ Champions series. Her superhero name is Snowguard and she comes from an indigenous community in northern Canada.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:土耳其驻华盛顿大使馆有深厚的爵士乐氛围2018-05-30
The Turkish ambassador’s home in Washington has deep jazz roots and was visited by several famous black musicians during segregation.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:阵亡将士纪念日:讲述二战飞行员的故事2018-05-30
Recently a group that searches for lost military members discovered a plane wreck in the Pacific Ocean near Papua New Guinea. The discovery adds and important part to the life story family members of one of the plane’s crew has written.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:说唱女性:“纽约女王”2018-05-30
Editors note: This is the final part in a three-part series on women in the hip-hop industry.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:纪念美国的发明家们2018-05-30
But for every well-known inventor there are many others, less recognizable men and women whose creative products have had an equally important effect on our day-to-day lives. Fifteen of those men and women -- both past and present -- were recently honored
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:“政教分离”是什么意思?2018-05-30
The First Amendment that says, Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion. In other words, the U.S. government is not permitted to declare and support a national religion.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国军犬在国会大厦受到表彰2018-05-30
The four medal winners lined up to take their turns on the stage. They were mostly quiet and calm. Except for Summer, who could not stop burying her nose int...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:一名女性9次登顶珠峰创造新纪录2018-05-30
The most successful female climber of Mount Everest has broken another record by reaching the top of the mountain a ninth time.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:说唱中的女人:The Don2018-05-30
Editors note: This is part two of a three-part series. In the last few decades, hip-hop has become a multi-billion dollar industry. It was a woman, Sylvia Rob...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:电影制片人哈维·韦恩斯坦被控强奸、性虐待2018-05-27
American film producer Harvey Weinstein has surrendered to police on sex crime charges. His action comes seven months after women b...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:华盛顿以花墙纪念阵亡将士2018-05-27
For three days, visitors can see a clear wall filled with red poppies. The flowers are to honor the men and women who died while serving the United States in conflicts since World War I. Together, more than 645,000 red poppies are on the grounds of the Na
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:300年沉船细节被公布2018-05-27
The Spanish ship San Jose sunk more than 300 years ago with what is now believed to be worth billions of dollars in treasure. The shipwreck was discovered in 2015, but where it lies is a Colombian government state secret. Recently, new details were releas
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:大数据:美国小镇发生校园枪击案概率高2018-05-27
In the United States, mass school shootings are most likely to happen in small towns and suburban areas.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:印度尼西亚反思其20年的民主实验2018-05-27
This month marks the 20-year anniversary of the end of the Suharto dictatorship, and Indonesia’s democratic experiment.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:爱尔兰选民将决定是否修改堕胎法2018-05-27
Irish voters will decide Friday whether to end the country’s longtime ban on abortion in most cases.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:实验疫苗或有助阻止埃博拉病毒的传播2018-05-27
Health workers say an experimental vaccine may help to stop the spread of Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:法国担心美国对伊朗的新制裁会误伤中东2018-05-27
France’s foreign minister warned that new restrictions on Iran could hurt the situation in the Middle East. The comments come after U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced new demands for the U.S. to rejoin the Iran nuclear deal.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:夏威夷火山爆发影响美国旅游业2018-05-27
The eruption of Kilauea Volcano is a concern for people interested in visiting Hawaii’s Big Island. The volcanic activity is costing the island millions of dollars.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国发布特金会纪念币惹外界批评2018-05-27
This is What’s Trending Today… The planned meeting between the leaders of the United States and North Korea may or m...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:联合国谴责对阿尔及利亚移民的集体驱逐2018-05-27
United Nations officials are calling on Algeria to stop the collective expulsions of thousands of migrants. The migrants are mainly ...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:中国游客T恤衫宣誓主权引争议2018-05-23
A series of incidents involving Chinese tourists in Vietnam has kept the maritime sovereignty dispute present, despite official efforts of both countries to remain friendly.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:德克萨斯社区悼念受害的巴基斯坦交换学生2018-05-23
A funeral service has been held for a Pakistani exchange student killed in a mass shooting at a high school near Houston, Texas.
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