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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:过度使用智能手机或导致上瘾、孤独和抑郁2018-05-02
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Nearly 2.4 billion people around the world used a smartphone in 2017. By the end of 2018, more than a third of the global population
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:坚持运动可延缓衰老2018-04-25
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.If you have been meaning to add more exercise to your daily routine, you may want to start sooner rather than later.A 2018 study has
The new definition of Alzheimers aims to improve identification of medical conditions through brain imaging and other tests.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:干细胞帮助瘫痪的老鼠恢复行走能力2018-04-18
A group of scientists in Israel are researching how to help paralyzed people walk again. They are using human stem cells to repair the spinal cords of mice.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:使用VR技术让健身更有趣2018-04-16
The American tech company Blue Goji combines VR, gaming and exercise equipment to make running fun.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:园艺的健康益处2018-04-11
Gardening is popular in many parts of the world. This outdoor activity gives us beautiful plants, pleasant smelling flowers and fresh fruits and vegetables. But it also gives us many health benefits.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:烹饪课帮助药物依赖患者恢复健康2018-04-11
At Boston Medical Center, patients recovering from drug dependencies are getting healthier one meal at a time. For years, the hospital ...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:城市生活不利于心理健康?2018-04-04
The possible mental health effects of city living affects a lot of people. The World Health Organization estimates that 54 percent of the world’s population lived in urban areas in 2014. The WHO adds that that amount will increase to 66 percent by 2050.
Many people may think of seaweed as an Asian food product. After all, China, South Korea, Japan, Indonesia and the Philippines are among the largest producers of seaweed. However, seaweed grows all over the world and people worldwide eat seaweed.
From VOA Learning English this is the Health and Lifestyle report. We are what we eat. That is an old expression, but one worth knowing. A recent look at diets around the world shows that people who
Short periods of sleep may help our brains work better, or so says a recent study on napping.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:80岁的身体20岁的大脑!2018-03-07
Super-agers are people over the age of 80 who have the brain structures and abilities of much younger people.
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Tobacco is the only legal drug that kills many of its users when used exactly as intended by manufacturers.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:专家:手机致癌杞人忧天2018-03-02
Two United States government studies of cellphone radiation have found a weak link to an increased risk of cancer in animals. But government officials and scientists are telling cellphone users not to worry. They say it is safe to use your mobile device.
Some cultures put more importance on work and money than others. Americans can be obsessed with their jobs and making money. They might feel the need to make lots of money for education, medical care, homes and cars. But it’s not just about the money.
A California company named Kinsa has become a leader in following the spread and severity of influenza cases across the United States. Kinsa sells thermometers and advertising on its app. It also makes money by selling data to businesses that want to know
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:预防疟疾方面取得进展2018-03-02
In recent decades, countries around the world have made great progress against malaria. However, a new report from the World Health Organization (WHO) says that progress is at risk.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究人员:牙膏中的物质可以对抗疟疾2018-03-02
Researchers have found that a substance used in toothpaste could be developed to fight drug-resistant forms of the disease malaria.
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. As 2017 comes to a close, we look back at the Health & Lifestyle stories that were popular with our listeners.
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. For children, internet access is a double-edged sword. In other words, being able to get online can be both good and bad for kids. On the good side, digital technology can connect a child t
It is one of the worst things a parent can imagine. Your child is sick, and suffering in terrible pain. No medical treatments seem to help. That was the condition of a 9-year-old boy with an incurable skin disease. The father says his son was near death.
The year 2018 will mark the 100th anniversary of the deadliest influenza outbreak in history. Scientists estimate that the influenza pandemic of 1918 killed more than 50 million people around the world. Other estimates go much higher.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国官员:已具备消灭艾滋病的能力2017-12-02
Friday, December 1st marks World AIDS Day. Over the past 30 years, there has been considerable progress in containing HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. However, much work still needs to be done.
One in every 160 children worldwide has some form for autism spectrum disorder, also called ASD. This estimate comes from the United Nations’ World Health Organization.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:吃南瓜的好处多多2017-11-23
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. There is one food that takes center stage during autumn – the pumpkin! Many people use this orange gourd as a decoration at Halloween. But we also use it in many foods that are popular duri
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:美国“重新定义”高血压2017-11-17
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Recently, two leading heart organizations changed the definition of what it means to have high blood pressure. Because of this change, the number of Americans with high blood pressure jumpe
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. There is an old saying: You are what you eat. When you eat the right foods, you feel...
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究人员对富人和穷人之间的“痛苦差距”感到震惊2017-11-08
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. A new study on pain management around the world has shocked researchers. The study found that many people in poor and middle-income countries suffer unimaginable pain without any help.
One Method for Controlling Emotions & Stress From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Fear, anger, hate and sadness: These are four emotions that can affect how we ...
Researchers at Princeton University found a new way to show differences in adults speaking to babies, compared to adults speaking to other adults.
No matter where they live, children get a strong message about what is expected of them as they grow up. And, in most countries in the world, these expectations are closely tied to gender.
The World Health Organization (WHO) says progress is being made in reducing deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). But it says much more needs to be done to save the almost 40 million people who die every year from preventable causes.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:“对不起”或不能帮助被你拒绝的人2017-09-26
New research finds that saying you’re sorry often doesn’t help the person you’re rejecting.
It is back-to-school time in the United States. Back-to-school stress is different for different ages. Younger children may feel scared to leave their families. Making new friends and dealing with bullying can also cause stress for students. Older student
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:媒体不应该“炒作”自杀2017-09-17
In the United States, September is Suicide Prevention Month. The World Health Organization says that every year about 800,000 people commit suicide around the world.
Leaving behind the carefree days of summer and starting school with routines, homework and expenses can be stressful for everyone -- children, parents and teachers. But you can do some things to help reduce stress. This is important especially for stresse
A small experiment shows that mindfulness training exercises may help people who drink large amounts of alcohol. Mindfulness is a method of quietly, but fully, experiencing what is happening in the present, both in and around you.
Something happens to many children when they are out of school over the summer months. It is called the summer slide. This may sound like a ride at a water park. But it’s not.
In 2016, more than 60,000 people died in the United States because of drugs. That is the highest number of drug deaths and the fastest yearly increase in recorded history. Early data suggests that deaths from opioids and other drugs will continue to rise
Staring down at your phone or tablet for long periods of time puts great tension on your neck and spine. Many people who use tech devices also hunch their shoulders forward. Muscle strain linked to hand-held technology has become such a common condition t
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:闲聊让我们更快乐2017-08-16
Many people find these small conversations about random topics difficult. Some people say they hate it. Others say small talk is a waste of time. They may even call it idle chitchat or idle chatter, meaning it doesn’t do anything. However, small talk is i
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. World Breastfeeding Week is an annual celebration held during the first week in August in more than 120 countries. The celebration aims to raise awareness about the health and economic bene
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Diabetes is a serious, chronic disease on the rise around the world. And, not everyone can take the medication that treats it. However, researchers have discovered that a compound found in
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:友谊有助提高你的健康与幸福感2017-07-26
Are Friends Better Than Family for Your Health? From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. You can choose your friends, but you cant choose your famil...
A mind filled with fear and bad thoughts is an unquiet mind. When you are worried, it can be hard to direct your attention on even a minor problem. For some people, this can interfere with work, sleep and other activities.
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. The health value of a Mediterranean diet is widely known. Fruits, vegetables and fish are main foods in this diet.
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. American English has many expressions related to clothes. Two of the more common ones are: Dress for the job you want, not for the job you have; and, simply, Dress for success.
We humans spend about one-third of their lives asleep. This may sound like a lot of time, but it is not wasted. Sleep helps us stay healthy, but it also helps our brains remember. Our brains need good sleep to remember what we do and learn during the othe
Researchers at the University of Southern California’s Keck School of Medicine have found another great reason to eat more fruits and vegetables. They say that potassium-rich foods like sweet potatoes, avocados, spinach and bananas could help to lower you
A new study finds one third of the world’s population is overweight or considered obese. Obesity is increasing faster in children than adults in many nations, the report said. But the world’s weight problem is growing in both rich and poor countries alike
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