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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。
Indirect questions are a more polite way to ask for information or make requests. We often use them when asking something of strangers or people we do not know well, including coworkers. We also use them when asking for favors from friends or when we want
In a recent program, we told you about phrasal verbs related to food. The program centered on eating food: what, how much and when.
The English language has many patterns. By learning and mastering common sentence patterns, English learners can improve their writing skills.
A great way to learn the meanings of phrasal verbs is to hear how they may be used in real life. Listen to these two people talk to each other. You will hear seven phrasal verbs dealing with food and eating.
Technology is one field where phrasal verbs and new nouns are very common. The Everyday Grammar team presents a history of phrasal verbs in computing. We also teach some new nouns that grew from the phrasal verbs as people talked more and more about techn
Adverb clauses are dependent clauses that act as adverbs – they modify a verb, or adjective or another adverb. Like all clauses, adverb clauses contain a subject and a verb.
A clause is a group of words that contain a subject and a verb. Today, we will show you the difference between dependent and independent clauses.
VOA慢速英语:学习被动语句: It Can Be Done!2018-04-28
Your passport has to be renewed. Your hair still needs to be cut. Your shoes should be repaired. And your dog is supposed to be taken to a friend’s house. All of these sentences use either modals or something called phrasal modals, and they are in the pas
Phrasal verbs make up a large part of everyday spoken and written English. This means they can easily be found in news, music, film and so many other places.
There are simple and common ways to express likes and dislikes. But fluent speakers of English use other ways, too. Some are a little more nuanced and less direct. Today, we’ll show you four phrases you can start using as soon as you like.
VOA慢速英语:日常语法:Can I、Could I与May I的区别2018-03-31
English teachers and parents used to try very hard to get young people to use may when asking for permission. Now it seems that can or could works just as well. Learn about the rules for asking permission with these modals.
From popular songs to written and spoken communication, English speakers use what are called “-ever words” quite a lot. Today, we will explore the meanings and uses of these words.
In today’s Everyday Grammar, we will look at examples of when two or more -ing words appear next to each other.
Everyday Grammar takes on the challenge of three modal verbs. When English speakers give advice, they can choose between should, ought to, and had better. Learn the difference between these words and how to use them to give good advice.
The phrase How about is one common way to make a friendly suggestion in English. To make a suggestion means to offer an idea or plan for someone to think about.
English learners often make mistakes when reporting on what someone else said. Here are a few simple rules that will help prevent these mistakes. Let Everyday Grammar show you how to win when you play the He said/She said game. Practice what youve learned
Many learners have questions about English grammar rules for using prepositions of place and time. We present a few simple guidelines to help you put your prepositions in the right places. In English, though, there is always an exception to the rule.
Today we will take a look at the modal verbs could have, would have and should have. These past tense modals are useful for expressing your present feelings about a past decision (or other action).
Today we return to a very common verb form in English – phrasal verbs. You will find one phrasal verb in every 192 words of written English. They will make your English sound more natural once you begin using them correctly. In an earlier program, we expl
Christmas is full of pleasant surprises and surprising disappointments. Americans use certain words to show these emotions. Common examples include even, still, and actually.
VOA慢速英语:“You Know”的多种表达方式2017-12-16
English speakers often use the words you know in strange places. Today, we explore some of the ways they use this expression for social uses.
Americans often use contronyms – words that have two opposite meanings. In todays report, we explore common contronyms, such as the word literally.
In this report, we explore how English speakers use shortened sentences. We give you examples from famous books, recent films, and fictional conversations and.
Thanksgiving can teach you about the difference between stative and progressive verbs. Stative verbs show or describe conditions or situations that do not do anything but exist.
In English, people often use incomplete sentences when they are talking to each other. These sentences can show approval, give a polite response, and give a short answer.
In todays report, we explore verb and gerund structures that are common in conversation and fiction writing. We give you examples from famous songs, well-known books, and fictional conversations.
We explore some of the most common verb + infinitive combinations in everyday speech. For each combination, we give you examples of how speakers use them in conversations and in classic American films
In todays report, we explore common reasons and situations in which Americans use the word the. We show you how they use it when speaking, when they write, and even in books and films.
In todays report, we explore two common adjectives: good and nice. These two words are used for many purposes in everyday speech. We show you how speakers use the words in many social situations.
In todays report, we explore adjective and preposition combinations in academic writing. Although these structures are more common in writing, you can hear them used in music and films, too.
In todays report, we explore one common grammatical structure: adjective + preposition combinations. These combinations have specific meanings. Common examples include afraid of, tired of, ready for and fine with.
In todays report, we explore uncertainty in everyday speech. Americans often use three verbs to show uncertainty: think, believe and guess. Guess is common in American English but rare in British English.
Transitions are words that show relationships between ideas. These transition words have different uses. They can show a result, restate ideas, or give examples.
English learners are often confused about the difference between American and British English. The Everyday Grammar team looks into six ways that the two varieties of English are different. You may be surprised to learn the differences are not only in voc
In everyday speech, speakers often report what others say. They quote what other people told them, or they repeat what they said themselves. Americans use a few interesting expressions and verb tenses to report speech - including be like, go, and the hist
In this weeks report, we are going to explore one pattern that is commonly used in academic writing. The structure we are exploring is this: noun + that clause. Academic writers often use it to evaluate an idea.
Today on Everyday Grammar, we explore two grammatical structures that you will see often in academic writing. These structures are used to evaluate ideas and evaluate actions. Although common in academic writing, you might not want to use these structures
Coordinating conjunctions are words that connect two or more structures. Today, we explore the use of conjunctions at the beginning of a sentence. Can writers use them in such a way? Should writers use them in such a way?
Americans often use euphemisms when talking about sensitive topics such as death and love. Euphemisms are pleasant or nice words that take the place of direct often more severe language.
Expletives are words that have a grammatical purpose but do not carry meaning. Today we explore how Ernest Hemingway and Jimi Hendrix used expletives for stylistic purposes. Expletives can be useful for writing and speaking. However, you should be careful
Make is an irregular verb - the past tense is not formed with an -ed ending. The meaning of make changes depending on the noun or noun phrase that follows it in a sentence. Today, we explore three common make + noun phrase structures.
In this weeks Everyday Grammar, we explain different meanings of the verb take. Takes meaning changes depending on the nouns or noun phrases that come after it in a sentence. We explore three common take + noun phrase structures.
Language experts say English has two main groups of words: form classes and structure classes. One word from the structure classes is the modal auxiliary would. In todays report, we explore three common meanings of would.
The verb "have" is common in speaking and writing. It has many meanings and uses. In today's report, we explore common have+noun phrase structures that have idiomatic meanings.
You may remember our earlier reports on infinitives and gerunds. The infinitive form of a verb can be either its most basic form or appear with the word to. A gerund is a verb that ends in –ing and acts as a noun. Today, we learn that these forms can help
Grammar experts say sentence relatives are clauses that help develop the ideas we try to express in our everyday speech. Learn more about them in today’s Everyday Grammar.
Noun clauses are groups of words that act as a noun. They often begin with words such as if, what, or where. These clauses have a subject and a predicate, just like a sentence. However, they do not act as sentences on their own. Americans often use them a
The word okay has many uses in American English. In todays report, we explore common uses of okay, including its noun, verb, and adverb forms. We also show you how speakers use okay to organize conversations.
In todays report, we explore the adverb well. Well is called a discourse marker. It has several common meanings in conversation: expressing uncertainty, showing contrast and ending conversations.
The comma has many uses. The first, and perhaps most common, use of commas is to show a pause. However, in many kinds of modern writing, the comma serves a different purpose: to show what is different and what belongs together.