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Less than a 10th of all the plastic ever made has been recycled, and governments should consider banning or taxing single-use bags or food containers to stem a tide of pollution, a United Nations report said. 联合国的一份报告称,所有塑料制品中仅不到1/10被回收,各国政府应考虑禁用一次性塑料袋和装食品的容器或对其征税以遏制污染。 The study said up to 5 trillion plastic bags were used worldwide each year. 该研究称,全球每年所用塑料袋的数量高达5万亿。 The report said most plastic ends up in landfills, dumps or in the environment. But there are signs of action to limit plastic pollution. 报告称,大多数塑料制品最终会被扔进填埋场、垃圾堆或自然环境中。但目前已出现限制塑料污染行动的迹象。 Elisa Tonda, who leads UN Environment's Sustainable Lifestyle program, said more than 60 countries had bans or charges on single-use plastics such as bags or polystyrene containers. 联合国环境可持续生活方式项目负责人埃丽莎·通达说,已有60多个国家对塑料袋或聚苯乙烯容器等一次性塑料制品实施禁令或对其收费。 30% of countries found sharp drops in plastic bag consumption in the first year after imposing restrictions. 30%的国家的塑料袋消费量在实施限制措施后的头一年里急剧下降。 Among its recommendations, the report called for better sorting of waste and recycling, economic incentives to promote eco-friendly alternatives to plastics, education of consumers and promotion of reusable products. 根据该报告的建议,人们应更好地对垃圾进行分类回收,在经济上鼓励推广环保的塑料替代品,对消费者进行教育并推广可重复使用的产品。 来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20180709/572172.html