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Today in History 历史上的今日:8月3日

发表时间:2018-06-13内容来源:VOA英语学习网
August 3 is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 150 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Monday, Wednesday or Friday (58 in 400 years each) than on Saturday or Sunday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Tuesday or Thursday (56). Events 著名事件
  1. AD 8 – Roman Empire general Tiberius defeats the Dalmatae on the river Bosna
  2. AD 70 – Fires resulting from the destruction of the Second Temple are extinguished.
  3. 435 – Deposed Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Nestorius, considered the originator of Nestorianism, is exiled by Roman Emperor Theodosius II to a monastery in Egypt.
  4. 881 – Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu: Louis III of France defeats the Vikings, an event celebrated in the poem Ludwigslied.
  5. 908 – Battle of Eisenach: An invading Hungarian force defeats an East Frankish army under Duke Burchard of Thuringia.
  6. 1031 – Olaf II of Norway is canonized as Saint Olaf by Grimketel, the English Bishop of Selsey.
  7. 1057 – Frederik van Lotharingen elected as first Belgian Pope Stephen IX.
  8. 1342 – The Siege of Algeciras commences during the Spanish Reconquista.
  9. 1492 – Christopher Columbus sets sail from Palos de la Frontera, Spain.
  10. 1527 – The first known letter from North America is sent by John Rut while at St. John's, Newfoundland.
  11. 1601 – Long War: Austria captures Transylvania in the Battle of Goroszló.
  12. 1645 – Thirty Years' War: The Second Battle of N?rdlingen sees French forces defeating those of the Holy Roman Empire.
  13. 1678 – Robert LaSalle builds the Le Griffon, the first known ship built on the Great Lakes.
  14. 1778 – The theatre La Scala in Milan is inaugurated with the première of Antonio Salieri's Europa riconosciuta.
  15. 1795 – Treaty of Greenville is signed, ending the Northwest Indian War in the Ohio Country.
  16. 1811 – First ascent of Jungfrau, third highest summit in the Bernese Alps by brothers Johann Rudolf and Hieronymus Meyer.
  17. 1852 – Harvard University wins the first Boat Race between Yale University and Harvard. The race is also the first American intercollegiate athletic event
  18. 1859 – The American Dental Association is founded in Niagara Falls, New York.
  19. 1900 – The Firestone Tire and Rubber Company is founded.
  20. 1903 – Macedonian rebels in Kru?evo proclaim the Kru?evo Republic, which exists only for ten days before Ottoman Turks lay waste to the town.
  21. 1907 – Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis fines Standard Oil of Indiana a record $29.4 million for illegal rebating to freight carriers; the conviction and fine are later reversed on appeal.
  22. 1914 – World War I: Germany declares war against France, while Romania declares its neutrality.
  23. 1921 – Major League Baseball Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis confirms the ban of the eight Chicago Black Sox, the day after they were acquitted by a Chicago court.
  24. 1936 – Jesse Owens wins the 100 metre dash, defeating Ralph Metcalfe, at the Berlin Olympics.
  25. 1936 – A fire wipes out Kursha-2 in the Meshchera Lowlands, Ryazan Oblast, Russia, killing 1,200 and leaving only 20 survivors.
  26. 1940 – World War II: Italian forces begin the invasion of British Somaliland.
  27. 1946 – Santa Claus Land, the world's first themed amusement park, opens in Santa Claus, Indiana, United States.
  28. 1948 – Whittaker Chambers accuses Alger Hiss of being a communist and a spy for the Soviet Union.
  29. 1949 – The Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League finalize the merger, that would create the National Basketball Association
  30. 1958 – US Nuclear submarine, Nautiluss, the first submarine to complete a submerged transit of the North Pole.
  31. 1959 – Portugal's state police force PIDE fires upon striking workers in Bissau, Portuguese Guinea, killing over 50 people.
  32. 1960 – Niger gains independence from France.
  33. 1972 – The United States Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
  34. 1975 – A privately chartered Boeing 707 strikes a mountain peak and crashes near Agadir, Morocco, killing 188.
  35. 1977 – Tandy Corporation announces the TRS-80, one of the world's first mass-produced personal computers.
  36. 1981 – Senegalese opposition parties, under the leadership of Mamadou Dia, launch the Antiimperialist Action Front – Suxxali Reew Mi.
  37. 1997 – Oued El-Had and Mezouara massacre in Algeria: A total of 116 villagers killed, 40 in Oued El-Had and 76 in Mezouara.
  38. 2004 – The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopens after being closed since the September 11 attacks.
  39. 2005 – President of Mauritania Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya is overthrown in a military coup while attending the funeral of King Fahd in Saudi Arabia.
  40. 2007 – Former Deputy Director of the Chilean secret police Raúl Iturriaga is captured after having been on the run following a conviction for kidnapping.
  41. 2010 – Widespread rioting erupts in Karachi, Pakistan, after the assassination of a local politician, leaving at least 85 dead and at least 17 billion Pakistani rupees (US$200 million) in damage.
  42. 2014 – A 6.1 magnitude earthquake kills at least 617 people and injures more than 2,400 in Yunnan, China.
来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20180613/Today-in-History-August-3.html
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