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BBC地平线 宇宙中最极端的天气(The Wildest Weather in the Universe) 第15期

另一个使地球宜居的因素 So the other thing that makes Earth such a great place to live 令白昼侧变得凉爽 而黑夜侧变得温暖 making the day side cooler and the night side warmer. 令人称奇的是 有证据显示这样的尘暴 Incredibly, storms like these have been shown to envelop 留在行星内部的能量 from when the planets formed. 六十年代冷战时期 It was the Cold War in the '60s, 六十年代末 苏联人成功了 In the late 1960s, the Russians succeeded. 玛莎 坐标是多少 Martha, what are the coordinates? 没有任何大气 atmosphere to speak of. 每隔几年 巨大的尘暴会逐渐形成 Every few years an enormous dust storm will grow 每秒计算几千次 来抵消这些扰动 thousands of times per second, for that turbulence. 每一种化学物质都有独特的吸收线 Every chemical has its own unique pattern of absorption lines. 美国宇航局发送的火星车 The rovers sent by NASA 密度更高 非常保温 much denser, and it really holds that heat in, 瞄准一个新发现的行星 at a newly discovered planet. 名叫詹姆斯·韦伯空间望远镜 called the James Webb, 明媚温暖的春日早晨 It's a delightfully warm spring morning 木星和土星上的天气由两个因素控制 The weather on Jupiter and Saturn comes from two sources. 木星和土星也有一层水云 Jupiter and Saturn also have a layer of water clouds. 木星上有持续时间很长的风暴 Jupiter has these very long-lived storms, 木星土星大气层的更高处 higher up in the atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn, 哪一种物质是影响其天气的关键要素 ..a key ingredient that goes into creating their weather. 那个探测器缓缓穿过大气 and that probe fell gently through the atmosphere, 那就表明这颗行星与其主星的距离很合适 so that means being at just the right distance from your stars 那颗行星上的大气是什么样的 to begin with is what is the atmosphere actually like? 那里的气候 一定要适宜生命生存 a climate that could be hospitable to life. 那里的气压有92巴 the pressure is at 92 bars,来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20180516/The-Wildest-Weather-in-the-Universe-15.html