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BBC地平线 宇宙中最极端的天气(The Wildest Weather in the Universe) 第11期

会导致它的主星亮度下降 it will cause a dip in the brightness of that host star. 会高出地表二十千米 they can get to about 20km above the surface. 会释放出大量能量 and releasing so much energy 会有几场很大的雨 Some of those showers could be quite heavy. 会有如此区别 between Jupiter and Saturn. 会重新流通到黑夜一侧 will recirculate to the night side, 火星大气无法保留任何热量 means that it can't trap any of its heat. 火星的气压只有地球上的百分之一 It's atmosphere is 1/100th the pressure of Earth's 火星和金星的气候完全是两个极端 So Mars is the opposite extreme from Venus. 火星则远远不够 Mars doesn't have enough. 或反射光的方式检测特征 by the way that they scatter or reflect the light. 或是会下红宝石雨 或是覆盖熔岩山云 planets with ruby rain or lava clouds. 或是其大气层有风能将昼半球的 Or were there winds in the atmosphere that were able to carry 或是雨雪天气 都显得那么温和 our rain and our snow -- all seem pretty mild. 或者寻找离其主星较近的行星也更为容易 ...Or ones that are close to their stars. 及其物理特性 and physical properties of its atmosphere. 极端高温对其天气的奇异影响 the extreme heat on exoplanets has on their weather. 极为接近的热木星 orbiting close to their stars, 即使这颗行星拥有合适的大气层 Even if this planet has the right type of atmosphere, 几百光年外的系外行星的光 hundreds of light years away, 几场雨之间的天气比较干燥 They'll be some dry spells in between, 几乎是地球的一百倍 almost 100 times that on the Earth, 几乎是地球上的一百倍 almost 100 times that on the Earth. 几千年来 我们无数次放眼星空 For thousands of years, we've gazed up at the night sky, 加利福尼亚今天是大风天 It's a blustery day in California 加利福尼亚州 死亡谷 Death Valley, California, 加热是由大电流形成的 that heating happens by large electrical currents. 加热至一千四百摄氏度左右 to around 1,400 degrees Celsius,来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20180516/The-Wildest-Weather-in-the-Universe-11.html