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你问我答学英语 第106期:which和不同介词的搭配

发表时间:2017-10-07内容来源:VOA英语学习网
Thanks very much for your question Annie, it actually gives us two questions in one. 安妮,非常感谢你的问题,实际上这一个问题里面有两个小问题。 So let's look at the first one – the prepositions that you've given us are in which, at which, of which, for which – which one do we choose? 让我们先来看一下第一个--你给出的介词有in which、at which、of which和for which--我们选哪一个? Basically, our choice of preposition is governed by the verb that relates to it. 总体来说,我们对于代词的选择,是要由与之相关的动词决定的。 So, for example, if we take the phrase "in which" - we might say "That's the film in which I'm interested." 举个例子,如果我们用“in which”这个搭配--我们可以说“这是一部我很感兴趣的电影。” Another way of saying this is "That's the film I'm interested in." 另一种说法就是“That's the film I'm interested in”。 It's the verb "interested" that tells us we need to use the preposition "in". 是“interested”这个动词提示我们,我们需要使用“in”这个介词。 Similarly, with "at which" – "that's the university at which I studied." 相似的,说一下“at which”--“这是我上的那所大学。” Another way of saying this is "That's the university which I studied at." 另外一种说法就是“That's the university which I studied at”。 It's the verb "study" that tells us we need to use the preposition "at". 是“study”这个动词提示我们,我们需要使用“at”这个介词。 However, in written English, we try to avoid putting the preposition at the end of the sentence. 但是,在书面英语中,我们要试着避免把介词放在句尾。 We can say "That's the film I'm interested in." "That's the university which I studied at." "That's a song I've heard of." 我们可以说:"That's the film I'm interested in"、"That's the university which I studied at"、"That's a song I've heard of"。 But when were writing formal English, we try to take that preposition and put it into the middle of the sentence. 但是在书写正式英语时,我们要把介词放在句子的中部。 This is where we need to use the relative pronoun which – "That's the university I studied at." "That's the university at which I studied." 我们需要在这个位置使用关系代词--比如,"That's the university I studied at"要写成"That's the university at which I studied"。 "That's the film I'm interested in." "That's the film in which I'm interested." "That's the film I'm interested in"要写成"That's the film in which I'm interested"。 The important thing to remember is this is found in very formal written English 最重要的是,你要记住,这种形式会出现在非常正式的书面英语中, and when we're speaking we would normally put the preposition at the end of the sentence. 而当我们讲话的时候,我们通常会把介词放在句尾。 So it's not really a big problem. 因此,这不是一个大问题。 However, if you want to make your written language very formal 不过,如果你想让你的书面语言非常正式的话, then this is where you need to consider putting the preposition into the middle of the sentence before the relative pronoun. 那么你就要考虑把介词放在句中、放在关系代词之前。 I hope that helps you. 我希望上面的讲解对你有所帮助。 来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20171007/500387.html
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