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你问我答学英语 第008期:Behind和beyond

Hi, thanks for your question, there are quite a few different definitions we need to look at here but the meanings of 'behind' and 'beyond' are actually quite different. 你好,感谢你的提问,其实这两个词的意思真的是天差地别。 One of the principal meanings of 'behind' is as a preposition of place. ‘behind’最主要是意思是作为地点介词。 If you are behind a thing or a person you are facing the back of that thing or person. 如果说你在某物或某人的后面,意思就是说你面对的是某物或某人的背面。 For example: 'There were two boys sitting behind me'. 例如:‘有两个男孩坐我后面。’ In these terms it means the opposite of 'in front of.' 这里,behind的意思和‘in front of(在...之前)’相反。 But 'behind' also has adverb uses: if you stay behind, you remain in a place after others have gone. 但‘behind’也可以用作副词:比如说you stay behind,意思就是说在其他人走了之后,你还留在原地。 For example: 'John stayed behind after school to take the test.' 举个例子:“John在放学后留下来考试。” Equally, if you leave something behind, you do not take it with you when you go: 'They'd been forced to leave behind their businesses and possessions.' 同样的,假如你把某物leave behind,意思是你走的时候没有带上此物:他们不得不抛下他们的生意和财产。 As a time expression, behind appears when someone or something is behind, they are delayed or are making less progress than other people think they should: 'The bus was behind schedule.' 作为时间短语,当我们说某人或某物处于落后的位置时,我们用behind,也就是说,他们推迟了或者在进度上比预期的要慢,例如:公交晚点了。 There are also some more abstract uses of behind that you should be aware of. behind还有一些比较抽象的用法,大家需要留意。 If an experience is behind you, it is finished. 如果说一种经历behind you,也就是说这种经历已经发生,过去了。 So, for example, 'Now that the divorce is behind us, we can move on.' 例如:既然我们都已经离婚了,我们就要向前看。 Also the people, reasons or events behind a situation are the causes of it or are responsible for it as in the sentence: '...the man behind the modernisation of the organisation.' 同样,在the people, reasons or events behind a situation中,指的是导致这种情况的原因或者必须要为这种情况负责的人。例如:the man behind the modernisation of the organisation——使这个组织走向现代化的人。 Finally, if you are behind someone, you support them. 'The country was behind the president.' 最后,if you are behind someone,指的是你支持他们。例如:国民支持总统。 If we turn now to think about 'beyond' - 'beyond' can also function as a preposition of place. 现在来看看beyond的意思——它同样也有着地点介词的功能。 If something is 'beyond' a place, it is on the other side of it, as in the case of '...a house beyond the village.' 例如:something is ‘beyond' a place,意思就是某物在某地的另外一边。比如说‘……小村那边的房子’。 But there's a more abstract meaning to 'beyond' as well - it can mean to extend, continue or progress beyond a particular thing or means to extend or continue further than that thing or point. 但是,beyond也有更抽象的含义。它可以表示对某种事物进行‘延长、继续’或者‘跟进’;或者进一步从事某事。 For example: 'Few children remain in school beyond the age of 16.' 例如:很少有超过16岁的孩子还在上学。 'Beyond' also has some quite interesting idiomatic usages. beyond还有一些非常有趣的成语用法。 If someone or something is beyond belief, understanding or control, it has become impossible to believe, understand or control it. 假如某人或者某物beyond belief或者understanding或者control,意思就是这种事物根本不可信,不能使人理解或者不受人控制。 'The situation has changed beyond recognition.' ‘情况已经变得使人无法分辨了’。 If you say that something is beyond you, you mean that you cannot understand it. 假如你说something is beyond you,你的意思就是你不明白此事。 'How he managed to find us is beyond me.' ‘他是怎么找到我们的我真是不明白’。 So, quite a few different meanings there to contend with, but I hope this helps you to identify which word you might use. 有很多不同的意思可供比较使用,我希望以上可以帮助你辨别什么时候使用哪一个。 来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20170823/487743.html