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BBC纪录片:新启蒙运动(The New Enlightenment) 第22期

孟德尔:现代基因学创始人 而遗传学却在世界其他地方被普遍接纳 widely accepted everywhere else in the world. 相似的是 在纳粹德国 Similarly, in Nazi Germany, 希特勒否定爱因斯坦的成就 Hitler rejected the work of Einstein 仅仅因为那是犹太人的物理 because it was "Jewish Physics". 在英国 我们的科学很自由 In the UK,we have the freedom to do science 这点需要继续保持 and we need to keep it that way. 我们必须要怀着冒险精神 We have to keep our spirit of adventure, 勇于尝试 并且做好失败的打算 to take risks and be prepared sometimes to fail, 因为前沿研究并不总是能成功 as research at the cutting-edge is not always successful. 英国工业界必须从科学家那里学会一件事 This is a lesson that UK industry might learn from scientists. 当我在纽约洛克菲勒大学执教时 When I ran Rockefeller University in New York, 我发现美国企业家非常敢于 I saw how American entrepreneurs, were prepared to be bold to 将科学研究成果投入市场 take risks to bring science to the marketplace. 我们太缺少这点了 We need more of that here in the UK. 科学想要繁荣 For science to flourish, 需要很多方面的共同投入 a broad portfolio of research investment is required. 科研是一个持续的过程 There is a continuum of research, 包括最初的科学发现 ranging from discovery science, 到致力于将发现用于实践的研究 through research aimed at translating knowledge for application, 再到最终能够产生新科技的 on to subsequent innovation ultimately leading to 后续创新活动 the development of new technologies. 我们应该反对对单个环节的 The temptation to invest too heavily in a particular part of 过量投入 this spectrum should be resisted. 有时候大家会认为 我们应该专注于 Sometimes it is argued that we should concentrate only on 应用和创新 translation and innovation 而不是发现 但这是错的 and not discovery, but that is a mistake. 但正如诺贝尔奖获得者 As Sir George Porter, 前英国皇家学会主席乔治·波特爵士所说 Nobel Laureate and a previous President of the Royal Society, 来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20170124/The-New-Enlightenment-22.html