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BBC纪录片:新启蒙运动(The New Enlightenment) 第12期

人类仍旧抹不掉 man still bears in his bodily frame 自己卑微的起源 the indelible stamp of his lowly origin. 这些关于人类和地球的理论 These ideas about the earth and humankind 曾经都被认为是难以想象或是异端邪说 were once unthinkable and heretical, 但现在却被 but are now fully accepted 尊重知识和理性的人们完全认同 by all those who respect knowledge and the power of reason. 科学仍旧会带来革命性的影响 Science continues to be revolutionary 我们都要对将要发生的改变有所准备 and we always have to be ready for what it might reveal. 迅速崛起的人类胚胎学和 Improved knowledge of human embryology and increased ability to 不断升级的胚胎保护技术 keep the unborn child alive have major implications for 已广泛应用在婴儿生产时刻 when life begins and ends 同样也应用于流产之类的干预手术 also for intervention such as abortion. 关于大脑的研究已经揭示出 Studies of the brain will reveal correlations between 神经活动和我们的思想 neural activity and what we are thinking, 记忆以及情绪状态的关系 memories and our emotional states. 我们还可能用化学物质来改变 Increasingly we are likely to be able to use chemicals 大脑功能并改变行为 to alter brain function and modify behaviours. 科技的进步将影响我们对自由 Advances will have consequences for our views on free will, 公正以及多样性的看法 on justice and diversity. 我们每每做出抉择之时 How much choice do we really have 到底拥有多少选择 when we make decisions? 如果说某些罪犯之所以犯罪是受制于其基因 Is punishment for certain CRIminal behaviours right, 那么因此而对其进行惩处又是否公正合理 if they are strongly influenced by an individual's genes? 神经科学的进步是否会对 Will working neuroscience influence 我们的教育理念造成影响 how we educate our children? 这些问题至关重要 These are issues of crucial significance 而只有当科学与社会 that can only be properly addressed 保持健康而良好的关系时 if we enjoy a healthy relationship 以上问题才能得以妥善解决 between science and society.来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20170122/The-New-Enlightenment-12.html