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介词的用法精讲

发表时间:2015-06-22内容来源:VOA英语学习网
介词的用法精讲 ◆典型陷阱题分析◆ 1. “You went late _______ the stadium yesterday evening, didn’t you?” “Yes, my wife was a little late _______ the supper.” A. to, with B. for, with C. for, for D. at, for 【陷阱】容易误选 B 或D。 【分析】答案应选 A。第一空填to 比较好理解,因为此处的late为副词,用以修饰 go to the stadium 中的动词go;而第二句的 with 则是许多同学不容易想到的,相反,更多地可能是想到 for,现将两者区别如下:be late for表示做某事迟到,而be late with 表示做某事做晚了(=be late in doing sth)。比较: We were late for dinner. 我们吃饭迟到了。 We were late with dinner [=in having dinner]. 我们吃饭吃得迟。 句中 my wife was a little late with the supper 的意思是“我妻子准备晚饭稍迟了一点”。 2. We were all worried over _______ you were sick. A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that 【陷阱】容易误选 A 或 B。 【分析】答案应选 D。按英语习惯,除except, but 等极个别介词外,英语介词后通常不能直接跟 that 从句作宾语。遇此情况,通常是在 that 从句前加上 the fact,此时 the fact 用作介词宾语,而其后 that 从句则用作 the fact 的同位语。 请看类似试题(答案选均D): (1) They knew nothing about ______ he was a thief. A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that (2) She must face up to _______ she is no longer young. A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that (3) What he said at the meeting referred to _______ he was interested in the project. A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that (4) Their belief is proved by the fact that the death penalty prevents murder. A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that (5) The writer is not satisfied with _______ buses are too crowded. A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that 来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20150622/254459.html
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