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2014年12月英语四级听力小故事(3)欧洲小国安道尔

发表时间:2014-12-20内容来源:VOA英语学习网
2014年12月英语四级考试听力第二部分的第三篇文章为各位考生科普了有关安道尔这个小国家的知识——这个位于法国和西班牙之间的效果面积还没有半个纽约大,而且直到上世纪三十年代,安道尔才有了公路。目前,安道尔正吸引越来越多的外国游客,人们很喜欢那里山区的风景和宁静的生活。同时,在安道尔购物也很便宜,因为税费很低。现在,且看沪江小编为你详解,关于安道尔,你可能不知道的8件事。 1. Andorra is a country.1、安道尔是一个国家。 OK, maybe most of you probably know this, but there are a lot of people out there that have no clue that Andorra is actually a country. Yes, it does exists and has been around in some form for almost 1,000 years. It has a seat in the United Nations, an Olympic team and diplomatic relations with other countries.好吧,也许你们中的大多数都知道这个,但事实上有很多人并不了解,其实安道尔是一个国家。是的,它已经存在了约1000年,是联合国成员,有奥运会代表队,也与其他国家建立了外交关系。 2. Andorra is small.2、安道尔很校 It is the 16th smallest country in the world by land and the 11th smallest by population. It is only about 40km to drive from one side of the country to the other. Total population of Andorra is about 85,000 which includes citizens and residents.从面积上看,安道尔是世界第16小的国家;从人口上看,它是第11小的国家。从国家的一侧到另外一侧只有约40公里的距离;安道尔的人口总数约为8万5千人,包括公民和居民在内。 3. Andorra produces a lot of Tobacco.3、安道尔生产大量烟草。 One thing that surprised me here is how much tobacco is produced in Andorra. There used to be a cigarette factory in Andorra and because of its status as a tax haven, you can purchase cigarettes here much cheaper than you can in Spain or France.我感到非常惊讶的一点是,安道尔生产大量烟草。曾经在安道尔有一个卷烟厂,同时,由于安道尔是个税费天堂,你在这里买烟的价格会比在西班牙或法国便宜很多。 4. Andorra is the world’s only co-principality.4、安道尔是世界唯一的二元制君主立宪制国家。 A principality is a place ruled by a prince. Monaco is an example of a principality. Andorra, however, is a co-principality. They have two princes who jointly share the position of prince.公国是由君主统治,摩纳哥公国就是这样的。但安道尔是二元君主立宪制国家,由两个君主共同管理国家。 5. Andorra is the only country in the world with Catalan as its official language.5、安道尔是全世界唯一一个将加泰罗尼亚语作为官方语言的国家。 Catalan is spoken in Spain, bits of France and a even smaller hunk of Sardinia. However, the only country where it is the official language is in Andorra.加泰罗尼亚语通行于西班牙、法国的部分地区以及撒丁岛的小范围地区。但只有安道尔将这种语言作为官方语言。 6. Andorra has never been in a war in almost 1,000 years.6、安道尔在近1000年的时间里没有经历过战争。 Given its non-strategic location in the Pyrenees Mountains and lack of natural resources, Andorra has been without conflict almost since Charlemagne came through to fight the Moors. Technically, Andorra did declare war on Germany in WWI but never sent anyone into the conflict.安道尔位于比利牛斯山脉,鉴于地处非战略要地且自然资源匮乏,安道尔从查理曼大帝攻打摩尔人开始就一直远离战争冲突。确切地说,安道尔在第一次世界大战时确实对德国宣战了,但从未送任何人上战常 7. Andorra has no national bank and has never had its own currency.7、安道尔没有国家银行,也从来没有过自己的货币。 Andorra currently used the Euro as its currency. Before that it primarily used the Spanish Peseta and sometimes the French Franc.目前,安道尔使用欧元作为自己的货币。以前,安道尔用西班牙比塞塔作为自己的货币,有时也用法郎。 8. Andorra is not part of the EU, EFTA or the Euro zone.8、安道尔不是欧盟成员,不是欧洲自由贸易区成员,也不是欧元区成员。 Andorra is not a member of most of the major European associations. Even though they use the Euro, they are not technically part of the Eurozone. They have a special relationship with the EU which they follow their trade rules for industry but not for agriculture. They are also not a party to the Schengen Treaty, however, you can only access Andorra via Spain and France which are party to the treaty and they don’t have an airport, so no one worries about them.安道尔并没有加入欧洲的几个主要组织。虽然以欧元作为自己的货币,但确切来说,安道尔并不是欧元区成员。他们同欧盟的关系很特殊,在贸易上他们遵循欧盟规定,但在农业上他们并不遵循欧盟规定。他们也不是申根国,你只能通过申根国西班牙和法国进入安道尔。不过由于安道尔并没有自己的机场,所以没有人会为此担心。来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20141220/211000.html
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