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BBC新闻重点讲解:南极人员的身体健康问题(2009-9-27)

发表时间:2009-09-27内容来源:VOA英语学习网
南极人员的身体健康问题THE HOST: And I’m joined on the line from Plymouth in the southwest of England by Lan Grant who’s the chief medical officer for the British Antarctic Survey. He’s responsible for training the doctors who go out to the Antarctic each year. So Lan, what about when they come to other medical problems obviously people are completely isolated and over the winter presumably it’s hard to get home again. But what happens if someone’s ill? 主持人:现在我正在线对来自英国西南部的普利茅斯的队伍进行采访。这只队伍由兰•格兰特带领,他是英国南极勘查局的医疗总监,负责培训每年前往南极的医生。那么兰,如果他们遇到其他医疗问题该怎么办?很显然,人们是处于完全隔离状态,在冬季再回家大概是件非常困难的事情。如果有人病了会怎样? LAN GRANT: Well, it is very difficult sometimes to get people out. It’s been estimated that getting someone out from our base at Hally which is the furthest south of the British bases. It is actually more difficult in winter to them to get somebody home from the international space station. However, we have managed a couple of winter evacuations in the past for people who are very seriously ill. But most of the time the doctors who are on base just have to be able to cope with whatever comes in their way. 兰•格兰特:有时候将人们带出南极十分困难,从我们的基地——英国基地最南部的哈利站将人带出也极其困难。事实上在冬季从国际太空站将人送回家更为困难。尽管如此,我们在过去为了那些病情严重的人成功的进行了几次冬季撤退。但多数情况下基地的医生必须能够应付他们面对的所有病情。 THE HOST: So what sort of things have you seen happen? 主持人:你曾见过什么样的事情? LAN GRANT: Obviously they’re working in a hostile dangerous environment and so minor injuries are relatively common. It’s very slippy when go outside the door in the winter in the Antarctic. The more seriously injuries thankfully rare. Uh and uh yeah we do fairly carefully scream the population before they go south, so that we know that we haven’t got people with chronic illness which is likely to cause problems. 兰•格兰特:很显然,他们的工作环境非常恶劣危险,所以小伤是很常见的。在冬天,南极外面的地面非常滑。幸运的是鲜有比较严重的伤病。在人们去南部之前,我们会相当仔细的给他们做检查,这样我们就知道,在我们当中没有人患有可能引起问题的慢性病。 THE HOST: And presumably do you see things like frostbite with those conditions? 主持人:在那种条件下,你想必是见过冻伤等病吧? LAN GRANT: Yeah, frostbite is something we see most years particularly at the most southerly of the stations. Again yeah, the Antarctic survey kit is very good uh and usually the frostbite is relatively minor. Uh but it’s always a possibility that something can go wrong uh and that someone will get more in the way of frostbite, yes. 兰•格兰特:是的,冻伤也是我们多年来经常见到的一种,尤其是在最南边的站。是的,南极勘查局的装备非常好,通常冻伤会比较小。但也总有这种可能性——某些事情出错了,有人的冻伤更加严重了。 THE HOST: I’m sure with something very serious such as you say you could get advice from back home from other doctors? 主持人:我肯定如果碰到了你所说的比较严重的情形,你可以向国内的其他医生求救吧? LAN GRANT: Yeah, if for example the doctor was going to have to give an anesthetic or do an operation with which they weren’t perhaps completely familiar. Then we would have a surgeon and an anesthetist in this country standing by on the end of a telephone to talk to them. 兰•格兰特:是的。举例来说,如果医生要做他们可能不完全熟悉的麻醉或者手术,我们可以通过电话和国内的麻醉师与外科医生交流。 THE HOST: So have you had to do that and talk people through operations like that? 主持人:那是你必须做的吗,像那样在手术过程中和别人交流? LAN GRANT: Yeah, we have once or twice. For example we had one person who damaged a tendon in their hand and we got one of the plastic surgeons to guide the doctor through the repair. It’s quite a complicated operation although relatively straight forward from the anatomical point of view. Uh and they use the photographs taken in the Antarctic sent real time by e—mail to allow the surgeon to see what the doctor was seeing and to be able to give them advice as to exactly where to place stitches and so on. 兰•格兰特:是的。我们有过一两次,例如一个人手上的一个腱损坏了,我们在修复过程中找到一位整形外科医生来指导我们医生。尽管从解剖学的角度来看这比较简单,但这却是一个很复杂的手术。他们将南极的图片通过邮件实时传送,方便外科医生看到这里的医生所看到的情形,并且使外科医生提出建议,指出确切的需要缝线的位置等等。 THE HOST: Lan Grant from the British Antarctic survey. 主持人:感谢英国南极勘查局的兰•格兰特。来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20090927/6873.html
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