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Thandarli的玛瑞阿姆·阿姆皮娜是一位有三个孩子的母亲,她从她的只有两个房间的小屋外的一口小井中取水,Thandarli是文莱达鲁萨兰国最贫穷的地区之一。Poor Water System in Darussalam REPORTER: Mother of three, Mariam Umpina collects water from a small well outside her two room shack in Thandarli, one of Darussalam's poorest neighborhoods. This is the city's dusty underbelly, an unplanned settlement where people try to make a meager living selling home made breads and chapattis from their door step. The well which has been dug by hand and which has two dirty car tires perched on top of it is perhaps two meters deep and is in close proximity to a number of latrines. It supplies dirty water to Marian and her neighbors. (Local language) MARIAM UMPINA: This water is very dirty. It is not suitable for drinking. There's no covering lids and during the night it's just left open, they don't cover it. We use it for cleaning clothes and utensils. We don't use it for drinking. Drinking water we fetch it from very far. REPORTER: Has the health of your children suffered as a result of you not having access to clean water? (Local language) MARIAM UMPINA: My kids' health has been affected and most of the time they are affected by diarrhea and their skin always irritates because after cleaning the utensils you use them for keeping their food. So this affects them indirectly. REPORTER: Mariam's situation is typical of the majority people across Darussalam after the city's water privatization scheme went disastrously wrong. In this edition of One Planet on the BBC World Service, I'll be looking at the Tanzanian example and exploring whether the privatization of water resources has ever worked successfully in east Africa. Like the vast majority of people in Thandarli, Mariam has no clean and safe piped water into her house. She has to collect it from over one kilometer away, leaving her house at four in the morning to avoid the heat and queues of other people at the water stand. There she will pay about thirty US cents for a twenty liter bucket of clean water. At that price, she can only afford one bucket a day. Yet about sixty thousand people in Darussalam have a direct water supply into their home and they pay just 1.3 US cents for the same amount of clean water. (Local language) MARIAM UMPINA: It's not fair. We can't afford buying ten buckets, that's why we are forced to use the dirty water, that's why we are forced to buy only one bucket of clean water. REPORTER: John Omfugo works for Water Aid, a British NGO which helps communities to access clean water supplies. JOHN OMFUNGO: The striction in there is bad because one; it's related to infrastructure problems because most of their infrastructure were installed during the colonial era and they haven't been rehabilitated at all. Currently there are some efforts being done by the Water Utility to try to rehabilitate. But still most of the water coming from the production sites are not linking the city. There is a lot of leakage so there is a lot of wastage. Most of the pipes are broken, and are not repaired, so a lack of investment actually contributes much to this. Because we are using the same resources as was by few people as compared to now where the population is about three million people in there. REPORTER: We are outside Mama Mariam's house and at our feet there is a pipe which look like it could have carried water at some point. It's broken; it's full up of rubbish and dirt. Is this typical of how the system has degraded? JOHN OMFUNGO: If you go around the community you would find those small pipes broken, so that's, I mean it's very common in the community. REPORTER: It was all supposed to be very different. In 2003 the World Bank and other donors wrote a check for over one hundred and sixty million US dollars to rehabilitate the water system in Darussalam. It was then one of the most ambitious water projects in Africa; a public private partnership which would provide water to the poor and act as model for other African cities. 来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20090426/Poor-Water-System-in-Darussalam.html