1. VOA英语学习网
  2. 设首页|英语四级|英语六级|英语日记|英文自我介绍|英语话剧剧本
  3. 打包下载 | VOA打包 | BBC打包 | 日语 韩语
  4. 手机版
  1. 英语学习网站推荐
  2. 剑桥英语考试认证
  3. 外教口语面对面课程

voa常速英语:Bridging Force Needed in DRC Until Reinforcements..

发表时间:2008-11-28内容来源:VOA英语学习网
UN Envoy: Bridging Force Needed in DRC Until Reinforcements Arrive
By Margaret Besheer
United Nations
Last week, the U.N. Security Council approved a request for a temporary surge of 3,000 peacekeepers to bolster the overstretched U.N. mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo, or DRC. Possible troop contributors met on Wednesday at the United Nations. Meanwhile, the Security Council heard from the top envoy to the DRC on the challenges facing the current mission, as its mandate comes up for renewal next month. From United Nations headquarters in New York, VOA's Margaret Besheer has more.
 
The U.N.'s special envoy for the DRC, Alan Doss, said the additional peacekeepers must be of sufficient strength to be effective.
He said such force is necessary to discourage new military action by the rebel forces of renegade Congolese General Laurent Nkunda or other armed groups, and so peace talks have a chance to progress.Some 250,000 people have been displaced in eastern Congo since August, when the latest round of fighting between the rebels and the government began.Doss said deployment of reinforcements to the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo, or MONUC, could take several months. He added that the delay entails serious risks for the situation in North Kivu, where he warned a new escalation of violence is possible."This is why we have and continue to support the calls for the deployment of a multinational force as a bridging measure until MONUC is fully reinforced," said Alan Doss. UN Special Representative Alan Doss (file photo)Doss also recommended that the U.N. Security Council consider authorizing a complementary stand-by force that could be mobilized quickly in case there is a rapid deterioration in the security situation. The Security Council is expected to renew MONUC's mandate in December for another 12 months. It is also considering whether to make changes to the force's mandate. Doss said it is important that the Security Council review the mandate in light of recent developments on the ground and the need to adapt to new realities. In addition to protecting civilians, a core element of the current mandate is that peacekeepers support operations of the Congolese armed forces, known as the FARDC. But problems within that force have put additional burdens on MONUC. "Unfortunately in some respects, the FARDC has broken its own ranks by disintegrating and dissolving," he said. "This has been a real problem because, in some areas, the FARDC should be the first line of protection for civilians. But they have not done that."In his latest report on the DRC, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon warned that Congolese army and police elements are responsible for a large number of serious human rights abuses - including arbitrary executions, rape, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. The U.N. chief said foreign armed groups have also committed such heinous CRImes with impunity. At 17,000-strong, MONUC is the United Nations' largest peacekeeping operation. But the large population and territory it must protect means that there are only 10 peacekeepers for every 10,000 civilians in North Kivu.参考中文翻译:上周,联合国安理会通过决议,同意向刚果民主共和国增派3,000人的维和部队,支持维和任务。相关部队领导周三在联合国会晤。同时,安理会从驻刚果特使处了解到,要求下月复兴,目前维和任务面临艰巨挑战。VOA记者Margaret Besheer在联合国总部纽约报道。联合国驻刚果民主共和国特使Alan Doss表示,新增维和部队必须足够强硬,起到应有作用。他说,必须有强硬的部队来打击刚果将军Laurent Nkunda的反叛势力和其他武装组织,使得和平谈判有望进行。自8月份反叛军和政府军挑起新一轮的争端,刚果东部已经有250,000人被重置。Doss说联合国维和部队在刚果人民共和国的维和任务(简称MONUC)需要几个月的时间进行部署。他补充说,延误可能导致北基伍地区存在重大风险,可能会导致新的暴力扩大。“这就是我们持续呼吁多国联合派遣军队直到MONUC 完成充分部署的原因。”Alan Doss说。Alan Doss还建议,联合国安理会安排预备应急部队,以便形式恶化时可以机动调配。安理会预期将会在12月份对MONUC未来一年的指令作出更新。同时也在考虑是否要对指令作出更改。Doss说,考虑到近期形势的发展,为了更适应现实,安理会重新审视指令是非常重要的。维和部队目前的指令除了保护平民之外,核心人物就是支持刚果部队FARDC。但是该部队内部的问题加重了MONUC的负担。“不幸的是,在某些方面,FARDC已经通过瓦解和分裂打破了自己的界限。”他说,“这的确是一个严重的问题,因为,在某些地区,FARDC是保护平民的第一道防线,但是他们并没有那么做。”在关于刚果民主共和国的最新报告中,联合国秘书长潘基文警告说,刚果军队和警察需要为一大批侮辱人权事件负责——包括滥用武力,强暴,拷问和其他残忍的,非人道的,侮辱性的行为。该联合国首脑说,其他外国军队也犯下如此十恶不赦的罪行而没有被惩罚。MONUC有17,000之多,是联合国最大的维和任务。但是刚果幅员辽阔,人口众多,这意味着北基伍地区每10个维和人员要保护10,000个平民的安全。来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20081128/115.html
VOA,VOA慢速英语,英语学习网,英语新闻,学习方法