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VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:特朗普不会放弃对钢铝征重税计划

发表时间:2018-03-06内容来源:VOA英语学习网
Trump Is 'Not Backing Down' on Tariffs Plan U.S. President Donald Trump said he is “not backing down” on his plan to raise taxes, known as tariffs, on imported steel and aluminum. However, members of his Republican Party and leaders around the world are warning the taxes are not a good idea. The president has said products from Canada and Mexico, two of the largest steel exporters to the U.S., would face the tax just like all other countries. But he suggested that he might be willing to exempt the two countries if they agreed to different terms for the North American Free Trade Agreement, or NAFTA. “No, we’re not backing down,” Trump said in the Oval Office during a meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. “We’ve had a very bad deal with Mexico, we’ve had a very bad deal with Canada — it’s called NAFTA,” Trump said.
Trump Is 'Not Backing Down' on Tariffs Plan
Trump made his comments after a spokeswoman for House Speaker Paul Ryan said the Republican leader was “extremely worried” about a trade war. She added that Ryan urged the president “to not advance with this plan.” The Trump administration says the tariffs are necessary to support American industries that are important to national security. But the president’s comments and messages on Twitter have suggested that he is seeking to influence talks on NAFTA. The latest round of a nearly yearlong renegotiation effort is coming to an end this week in Mexico City. Trump tweeted, “Tariffs on Steel and Aluminum will only come off if new & fair NAFTA agreement is signed. Also, Canada must treat our farmers much better. Highly restrictive. Mexico must do much more on stopping drugs from pouring into the U.S.” A member of the Mexican negotiation team checks her phone during a lunch break at the hotel where the seventh round of NAFTA talks involving the United States, Mexico and Canada takes place, in Mexico City, Mexico, Feb. 28, 2018. Reactions to tariffs plan Trump’s announcement last week that he would place tariffs on steel and aluminum imports unsettled the stock markets and angered allies. The U.S. military has asked for targeted tariffs on metal imports from countries like China. It warned that tariffs on all countries would hurt national security partnerships with some countries. But other officials supported a tariff without exceptions. Speaking on a Fox news program, White House trade adviser Peter Navarro said: “25 percent on steel, and the 10 percent on aluminum, no country exclusions — firm line in the sand.” Republican South Carolina Sen. Lindsey Graham said the sweeping action would let China “off the hook.” He also said it would divide the U.S. and its allies. Jean-Claude Juncker is president of the European Commission. He said the European Union could answer by taxing American goods including whiskey, blue jeans, and Harley-Davidson motorcycles. Trump replied by threatened to tax European cars if the EU raises tariffs on American products. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross called threats from American allies “pretty trivial” and not much more than a “rounding error.”
Workers complete car bodies at the plant of the German manufacturer Volkswagen AG in Zwickau, Germany, Jan. 22, 2018. President Trump vowed to tax European cars if the EU retaliates against his plans to tax imported steel and aluminum.
Douglas Irwin is a Dartmouth College economist. He recently published the book “Clashing Over Commerce: A History of U.S. Trade Policy.” He told the Associated Press, “Usually, all sides lose in a trade war. Trade shrinks as countries pile on barriers in an effort to remedy some grievance, with consumers paying the price.” Trump administration officials said Monday that the tariffs will be made official in the next two weeks. Hai Do adapted this story for Learning English based on AP NEWS reports. Mario Ritter was the editor. Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page. _______________________________ Words in This Story tariffs –n. taxes on good coming into or leaving a country exempt –v. to say that one person or group does not have to do something that all others have to do advance –v. to carry forward exceptions –n. cases where the rule does not apply exclusions –n. cases not included along with the others sweeping –adj. something broad or general, not applying to only a few trivial –adj. of little importance pile –v. to continue to add things making a pile grievance –n. statements of dissatisfaction with a situation or process consumers –n. people who buy goods and services 来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/18/03/Trump-Is-Not-Backing-Down-on-Tariffs-Plan.html
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